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AD7982 Datasheet(PDF) 13 Page  Analog Devices 

AD7982 Datasheet(HTML) 13 Page  Analog Devices 
13 / 26 page AD7982 Data Sheet Rev. D  Page 12 of 25 TERMINOLOGY Integral Nonlinearity Error (INL) INL refers to the deviation of each individual code from a line drawn from negative full scale through positive full scale. The point used as negative full scale occurs ½ LSB before the first code transition. Positive full scale is defined as a level 1½ LSB beyond the last code transition. The deviation is measured from the middle of each code to the true straight line (see Figure 22). Differential Nonlinearity Error (DNL) In an ideal ADC, code transitions are 1 LSB apart. DNL is the maximum deviation from this ideal value. It is often specified in terms of resolution for which no missing codes are guaranteed. Zero Error Zero error is the difference between the ideal midscale voltage, that is, 0 V, from the actual voltage producing the midscale output code, that is, 0 LSB. Gain Error The first code transition (from 100 … 00 to 100 … 01) must occur at a level ½ LSB above nominal negative full scale (−4.999981 V for the ±5 V range). The last transition (from 011 … 10 to 011 … 11) must occur for an analog voltage 1½ LSB below the nominal full scale (+4.999943 V for the ±5 V range). The gain error is the deviation of the difference between the actual level of the last transition and the actuallevel of the first transition from the difference between the ideal levels. SpuriousFree Dynamic Range (SFDR) SFDR is the difference, in decibels, between the rms amplitude of the input signal and the peak spurious signal. Effective Number of Bits (ENOB) ENOB is a measurement of the resolution with a sine wave input. It is related to SINAD as follows: ENOB = (SINADdB − 1.76)/6.02 and is expressed in bits. Noise Free Code Resolution Noise free code resolution is the number of bits beyond which it is impossible to distinctly resolve individual codes. It is calculated as Noise Free Code Resolution = log2(2N/PeaktoPeak Noise) and is expressed in bits. Effective Resolution Effective resolution is calculated as Effective Resolution = log2(2N/RMS Input Noise) and is expressed in bits. Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) THD is the ratio of the rms sum of the first five harmonic components to the rms value of a fullscale input signal and is expressed in decibels. Dynamic Range Dynamic range is the ratio of the rms value of the full scale to the total rms noise measured with the inputs shorted together. The value for dynamic range is expressed in decibels. It is measured with a signal at −60 dB so it includes all noise sources and DNL artifacts. SignaltoNoise Ratio (SNR) SNR is the ratio of the rms value of the actual input signal to the rms sum of all other spectral components below the Nyquist frequency, excluding harmonics and dc. The value for SNR is expressed in decibels. SignaltoNoiseandDistortion Ratio (SINAD) SINAD is the ratio of the rms value of the actual input signal to the rms sum of all other spectral components that are less than the Nyquist frequency, including harmonics but excluding dc. The value of SINAD is expressed in decibels. Aperture Delay Aperture delay is the measure of the acquisition performance and is the time between the rising edge of the CNV input and when the input signal is held for a conversion. Transient Response Transient response is the time required for the ADC to accurately acquire its input after a fullscale step function is applied. 
