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TP3076 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor.
Part No. TP3076
Description  COMBO II Programmable PCM CODEC/Filter for ISDN and Digital Phone Applications
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com
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TP3076 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

 
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Functional Description (Continued)
vices (COMBO); time-slots begin nominally coincident with
the rising edge of the appropriate FS input. The alternative is
to use Delayed Data mode, which is similar to shortframe
sync timing on COMBO, in which each FS input must be high
at least a half-cycle of BCLK earlier than the timeslot. The
Time-Slot Assignment circuit on the device can only be used
with Delayed Data timing.
When using Time-Slot Assignment, the beginning of the first
time-slot in a frame is identified by the appropriate FS input.
The actual transmit and receive time-slots are then deter-
mined by the internal Time-Slot Assignment counters.
Transmit and Receive frames and time-slots may be skewed
from each other by any number of BCLK cycles. During each
assigned Transmit time-slot, the D
X1 output shifts data out
from the PCM register on the rising edges of BCLK. TS
X1
also pulls low for the first 712 bit times of the time-slot to con-
trol the TRI-STATE Enable of a backplane line-driver. Serial
PCM data is shifted into the D
R1 input during each assigned
Receive time-slot on the falling edges of BCLK.
SERIAL CONTROL PORT
Control information and data are written into or read-back
from COMBO II via the serial control port consisting of the
control clock CCLK, the serial data input, CI, and output, CO,
and the Chip Select input, CS. All control instructions require
2 bytes, as listed
Table 1, with the exception of a single byte
power-up/down command. The Byte 1 bits are used as fol-
lows: bit 7 specifies power up or power down; bits 6, 5, 4 and
3 specify the register address, bit 2 specifies whether the in-
struction is read or write; bit 1 specifies a one or two byte in-
struction; and bit 0 is not used.
To shift control data into COMBO II, CCLK must be pulsed
high 8 times while CS is low. Data on the CI input is shifted
into the serial input register on the falling edge of each CCLK
pulse. After all data is shifted in, the contents of the input
shift register are decoded, and may indicate that a 2nd byte
of control data will follow. This second byte may either be de-
fined by a second byte-wide CS pulse or may follow the first
contiguously, i.e, it is not mandatory for CS to return high be-
tween the first and second control bytes. At the end of
CCLK8 in the 2nd control byte the data is loaded into the ap-
propriate programmable register. CS may remain low con-
tinuously when programming successive registers, if de-
sired. However, CS must be set high when no data transfers
are in progress.
To readback Interface Latch data or status information from
COMBO II, the first byte of the appropriate instruction is
strobed while CS is low, as defined in
Table 1. CS must be
kept low, or be taken low again for a further 8 CCLK cycles,
during which the data is shifted onto the CO pin on the rising
edges of CCLK. When CS is high the CO pin is in the
high-impedance TRI-STATE, enabling the CI and CO pins of
many devices to be multiplexed together.
If CS returns high during either byte 1 or byte 2 before all
eight CCLK pulses of that byte occur, both the bit count and
byte count are reset and register contents are not affected.
This prevents loss of synchronization in the control interface
as well as corruption of register data due to processor inter-
rupt or other problem. When CS returns low again, the de-
vice will be ready to accept bit 1 of byte 1 of a new instruc-
tion.
Programmable Functions
POWER-UP/DOWN CONTROL
Following power-on initialization, power-up and power-down
control may be accomplished by writing any of the control in-
structions listed in
Table 1 into COMBO II with the “P” bit set
to “0” for power-up or “1” for power-down. Normally it is rec-
ommended that all programmable functions be initially pro-
grammed while the device is powered down. Power state
control can then be included with the last programming in-
struction or the separate single-byte instruction. Any of the
programmable registers may also be modified while the de-
vice is powered-up or down by setting the “P” bit as indi-
cated. When the power-up or down control is entered as a
single byte instruction, bit one (1) must be reset to a 0.
When a power-up command is given, all de-activated circuits
are activated, but the TRI-STATE PCM output(s), D
X1 will re-
main in the high impedance state until the second FS
X pulse
after power-up.
CONTROL REGISTER INSTRUCTION
The first byte of a READ or WRITE instruction to the Control
Register is as shown in
Table 1. The second byte has the fol-
lowing bit functions:
TABLE 2. Control Register Byte 2 Functions
Bit Number and Name
76543210
Function
F1
F0
MA
IA
DN
DL
AL
PP
0
0
MCLK = 512 kHz
0
1
MCLK = 1.536 MHz
or 1.544 MHz
1
0
MCLK = 2.048 MHz (Note 4)
1
1
MCLK = 4.096 MHz
0
X
Select µ255 Law (Note 4)
1
0
A-Law, Including
Even Bit
Inversion
1
1
A-Law, No Even Bit
Inversion
0
Delay Data Timing
1
Non-Delayed
Data Timing (Note 4)
0
0
Normal Operation (Note 4)
1
X
Digital Loopback
0
1
Analog Loopback
0
Power Amp
Enabled in PDN
1
Power Amp
Disabled in PDN (Note 4)
Note 4: state at power-on initialization.
Master Clock Frequency Selection
A Master clock must be provided to COMBO II for operation
of the filter and coding/decoding functions. The MCLK fre-
quency must be either 512 kHz, 1.536 MHz, 1.544 MHz,
2.048 MHz, or 4.096 MHz and must be synchronous with
BCLK. Bits F
1 and F0 (see Table 2) must be set during initial-
ization to select the correct internal divider.
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