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LM2670 Datasheet(PDF) 10 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor. Click here to check the latest version.
Part No. LM2670
Description  SIMPLE SWITCHER High Efficiency 3A Step-Down Voltage Regulator with Sync
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Manufacturer  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Direct Link  http://www.national.com
Logo NSC - National Semiconductor (TI)

LM2670 Datasheet(HTML) 10 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Application Hints
The LM2670 provides all of the active functions required for
a step-down (buck) switching regulator. The internal power
switch is a DMOS power MOSFET to provide power supply
designs with high current capability, up to 3A, and highly
efficient operation.
The LM2670 is part of the SIMPLE SWITCHER family of
power converters. A complete design uses a minimum num-
ber of external components, which have been pre-
determined from a variety of manufacturers. Using either this
data sheet or a design software program called LM267X
Made Simple (version 2.0) a complete switching power
supply can be designed quickly. The software is provided
free of charge and can be downloaded from National Semi-
conductor’s Internet site located at http://www.national.com.
This is the output of a power MOSFET switch connected
directly to the input voltage. The switch provides energy to
an inductor, an output capacitor and the load circuitry under
control of an internal pulse-width-modulator (PWM). The
PWM controller is internally clocked by a fixed 260KHz
oscillator. In a standard step-down application the duty cycle
(Time ON/Time OFF) of the power switch is proportional to
the ratio of the power supply output voltage to the input
voltage. The voltage on pin 1 switches between Vin (switch
ON) and below ground by the voltage drop of the external
Schottky diode (switch OFF).
The input voltage for the power supply is connected to pin 2.
In addition to providing energy to the load the input voltage
also provides bias for the internal circuitry of the LM2670.
For guaranteed performance the input voltage must be in the
range of 8V to 40V. For best performance of the power
supply the input pin should always be bypassed with an input
capacitor located close to pin 2.
A capacitor must be connected from pin 3 to the switch
output, pin 1. This capacitor boosts the gate drive to the
internal MOSFET above Vin to fully turn it ON. This mini-
mizes conduction losses in the power switch to maintain high
efficiency. The recommended value for C Boost is 0.01µF.
This is the ground reference connection for all components
in the power supply. In fast-switching, high-current applica-
tions such as those implemented with the LM2670, it is
recommended that a broad ground plane be used to mini-
mize signal coupling throughout the circuit
This input allows control of the switching clock frequency. If
left open-circuited the regulator will be switched at the inter-
nal oscillator frequency, between 225KHz and 280KHz. An
external clock can be used to force the switching frequency
and thereby control the output ripple frequency of the regu-
lator. This capability provides for consistent filtering of the
output ripple from system to system as well as precise
frequency spectrum positioning of the ripple frequency which
is often desired in communications and radio applications.
This external frequency must be greater than the LM2670
internal oscillator frequency, which could be as high as
280KHz, to prevent an erroneous reset of the internal ramp
oscillator and PWM control of the power switch. The ramp
oscillator is reset on the positive going edge of the sync input
signal. It is recommended that the external TTL or CMOS
compatible clock (between 0V and a level greater than 3V)
be ac coupled to the sync input through a 100pf capacitor
Ω resistor to ground at pin 5 as shown inFigure 1.
This is the input to a two-stage high gain amplifier, which
drives the PWM controller. It is necessary to connect pin 6 to
the actual output of the power supply to set the dc output
voltage. For the fixed output devices (3.3V, 5V and 12V
outputs), a direct wire connection to the output is all that is
required as internal gain setting resistors are provided inside
the LM2670. For the adjustable output version two external
resistors are required to set the dc output voltage. For stable
operation of the power supply it is important to prevent
coupling of any inductor flux to the feedback input.
This input provides an electrical ON/OFF control of the
power supply. Connecting this pin to ground or to any volt-
age less than 0.8V will completely turn OFF the regulator.
The current drain from the input supply when OFF is only
50µA. Pin 7 has an internal pull-up current source of approxi-
mately 20µA and a protection clamp zener diode of 7V to
ground. When electrically driving the ON/OFF pin the high
voltage level for the ON condition should not exceed the 6V
absolute maximum limit. When ON/OFF control is not re-
quired pin 7 should be left open circuited.
The Die Attach Pad (DAP) can and should be connected to
PCB Ground plane/island. For CAD and assembly guide-

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