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U2741B Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. U2741B
Description  UHF ASK/FSK TRANSMITTER
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
Logo ATMEL - ATMEL Corporation

U2741B Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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U2741B
4733A–RKE–11/03
General Description
The fully integrated VCO and the “single-ended open-collector” output allow particularly
simple, low-cost RF miniature transmitters to be assembled. The single-ended output
enables a considerably simplified adaptation of both a magnetic loop antenna of any
form or a
l/4 antenna. This is because the load impedance must not be balanced as
would be the case with a differential output.
The XTO's frequency can be selected at either 13.56 MHz (USA 9.844 MHz) or
6.78 MHz (USA 4.9219 MHz). Thus, it is possible to use not only exceptionally small
SMD crystals at 13.56 MHz but also very low-cost 6.78 MHz crystals in a wired metal
package (e.g., in the HC49S housing). The frequency is selected by connecting pin 16
(DIVC) to either GND or V
S.
At high frequencies, crystals have a very fast start-up time (< 1.5 ms at 13.56 MHz,
< 3 ms at 6.78 MHz), whereby a wait time of 5 to 10 ms is required until the transmitter
IC is locked. This means that the processor does not need to poll a lock detect output.
Functional
Description
The IC can be switched on at both the FSK and the ASK input. The IC's ChipSelect is
performed by the logical OR operation of ASK and FSK input. In the case of V
FSK,
V
ASK £ 0.3 V, the power-down supply current is ISoff < 0.35 µA. The ASK input activates
the power amplifier and the PLL. The FSK input only activates the PLL and, if capacitor
C
3 is installed, pulls the crystal to the lower frequency, whereby the transmitter is FSK
modulated. After switching on at FSK, the VCO locks onto the 32 or 64 times higher fre-
quency of the crystal oscillator.
FSK Transmission
The U2741B is switched on by V
FSK = VS. 5 ms later, VS is applied to VASK. The output
can then be modulated by means of pin FSK. This is done by connecting capacitor C
3 in
parallel to the load capacitor C
4.
ASK Transmission
The U2741B is activated by V
FSK = VS. VASK remains 0 V for 5 ms, then the output power
can be modulated by means of pin ASK. In this case, V
FSK remains = VS during the mes-
sage, the capacitor C
3 is not mounted.
Take-over of the Clock
Pulse in the
Microcontroller
The clock of the crystal oscillator can be used for clocking the microcontroller. The
ATAR090 and ATAR890 have the special feature of starting with an integrated RC oscil-
lator to switch on the U2741B with VFSK = VS. 5 ms later, the 3.39-MHz clock frequency
is present, so that the message can be sent with crystal accuracy.
Application Circuit
The following component values are recommendations for a typical application. C
5, C6,
and C
7 are block capacitors. The values of these capacitors depend on the board layout.
C
5 =1nF, C6 = 1 nF, and C7 = 22 nF are typically used here. For C5, the impedance
between f = 100 MHz and f = 1 GHz should be as low as possible.
C
3 is not needed in ASK transmitter applications. In the case of FSK, C3 is selected in
such a way that the desired transmission frequency deviation is achieved (typical
±30 kHz). The capacitance here depends upon the crystal's load capacity (C
4) recom-
mended by the manufacturer of the crystal. C
2 = 3.9 nF, C1 = 15 nF, and R4 = 220 W.
C
Loop1 and CLoop2 are selected so that the antenna oscillates in resonance and the adap-
tation to the appropriate impedance transformation is possible.
L
Feed i s an induc t o r for the antenna' s DC cur r ent supply. A typical value is
L
Feed = 220 nH. LFeed can be either printed on the PC board or be a discrete component.


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