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LNBH21 Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - STMicroelectronics

Part No. LNBH21
Description  LNB SUPPLY AND CONTROL IC WITH STEP-UP CONVERTER AND I2C INTERFACE
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Maker  STMICROELECTRONICS [STMicroelectronics]
Homepage  http://www.st.com
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LNBH21 Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - STMicroelectronics

 
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LNBH21
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APPLICATION INFORMATION
This IC has a built in DC/DC step-up controller that, from a single supply source ranging from 8 to 15V,
generates the voltages (VUP) that let the linear post-regulator to work at a minimum dissipated power of
1.65W typ. @ 750mA load (the linear regulator drop voltage is internally kept at: VUP-VO=2.2V typ.). An
UnderVoltage Lockout circuit will disable the whole circuit when the supplied VCC drops below a fixed
threshold (6.7V typically). The internal 22KHz tone generator is factory trimmed in accordance to the
standards, and can be controlled either by the I2CTM interface or by a dedicated pin (DSQIN) that allows
immediate DiSEqCTM data encoding (*). When the TEN (Tone ENable) I2C bit it is set to HIGH, a
continuous 22KHz tone is generated on the output regardless of the DSQIN pin logic status.
The TEN bit must be set LOW when the DSQIN pin is used for DiSEqCTM encoding. The fully
bi-directional DiSEqCTM 2.0 interfacing is completed by the built-in 22KHz tone detector. Its input pin
(DETIN) must be AC coupled to the DiSEqCTM bus, and the extracted PWK data are available on the
DSQOUT pin (*).
To comply to the bi-directional DiSEqCTM 2.0 bus hardware requirements an output R-L filter is needed.
The LNBH21 is provided with two output pins: the VOTX to be used during the tone transmission and the
VORX to be used when the tone is received. This allows the 22KHz Tone to pass without any losses due
to the R-L filter impedance (see DiSeqC 2.0 application circuit on page 5). In DiSeqC 2.0 applications
during the 22KHz transmission activated by DSQIN pin (or TEN I2Cbit), theVOTX pin must be
preventively set ON by the TTX I2C bit and, both the 13/18V power supply and the 22KHz tone, are
provided by mean of VOTX output. As soon as the tone transmission is expired, the VOTX must be set to
OFF by setting the TTX I2C bit to zero and the 13/18V power supply is provided to the LNB by the VORX
pin through the R-L filter. When the LNBH21 is used in DiSeqC 1.x applications the R-L filter is not
required (see DiSeqC 1.x application circuit on pag.5), the TTX I2C bit must be kept always to HIGH so
that, the VOTX output pin can provide both the 13/18V power supply and the 22KHz tone, enabled by
DSQIN pin or by TEN I2Cbit.
All the functions of this IC are controlled via I2C TM bus by writing 6 bits on the System Register (SR, 8
bits). The same register can be read back, and two bits will report the diagnostic status. When the IC is put
in Stand-by (EN bit LOW), the power blocks are disabled. When the regulator blocks are active (EN bit
HIGH), the output can be logic controlled to be 13 or 18 V by mean of the VSEL bit (Voltage SELect) for
remote controlling of non-DiSEqC LNBs.
Additionally, the LNBH21 is provided with the LLC I2C bit that increase the selected voltage value (+1V
when VSEL=0 and +1.5V when VSEL=1) to compensate for the excess voltage drop along the coaxial
cable (LLC bit HIGH).
By mean of the LLC bit, the LNBH21 is also compliant to the American LNB power supply standards that
require the higher output voltage level to 19.5V (typ.) (instead of 18V), by simply setting the LLC=1 when
VSEL=1.
In order to improve design flexibility and to allow implementation of newcoming LNB remote control
standards, an analogic modulation input pin is available (EXTM). An appropriate DC blocking capacitor
must be used to couple the modulating signal source to the EXTM pin. Also in this case, the VOTX output
must be set ON during the tone transmission by setting the TTX bit high. When external modulation is not
used, the relevant pin can be left open.
The current limitation block is SOA type and it is possible to select two current limit thresholds, by the
dedicated ISEL pin. The higher threshold is in the range of 750mA to 1A if the ISEL is left floating or
connected a voltage > 3.3V. The lower threshold is in the range of 450mA to 700mA when the ISEL pin is
connected to ground. When the output port is shorted to ground, the SOA current limitation block limits the
short circuit current (ISC) at typically 400mA or 200mA respectively for VO 13V or 18V, to reduce the power
dissipation. Moreover, it is possible to set the Short Circuit Current protection either statically (simple
current clamp) or dynamically by the PCL bit of the I2C SR; when the PCL (Pulsed Current Limiting) bit is
set to LOW, the overcurrent protection circuit works dynamically, as soon as an overload is detected, the
output is shut-down for a time TOFF, typically 900ms. Simultaneously the OLF bit of the System Register
is set to HIGH. After this time has elapsed, the output is resumed for a time TON=1/10TOFF (typ.).Atthe
end of TON, if the overload is still detected, the protection circuit will cycle again through TOFF and TON.At
the end of a full TON in which no overload is detected, normal operation is resumed and the OLF bit is
resetto LOW.Typical TON+TOFF time is 990ms and it is determined by an internal timer. This dynamic
operation can greatly reduce the power dissipation in short circuit condition, still ensuring excellent
power-on start up in most conditions.


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