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DS90LV047A Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

[Old version datasheet] Texas Instruments acquired National semiconductor. Click here to check the latest version.
Part No. DS90LV047A
Description  3V LVDS Quad CMOS Differential Line Driver
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Maker  NSC [National Semiconductor (TI)]
Homepage  http://www.national.com

DS90LV047A Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - National Semiconductor (TI)

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Parameter Measurement Information (Continued)
Typical Application
Applications Information
General application guidelines and hints for LVDS drivers
and receivers may be found in the following application
notes: LVDS Owner’s Manual (lit #550062-001), AN808,
AN977, AN971, AN916, AN805, AN903.
LVDS drivers and receivers are intended to be primarily used
in an uncomplicated point-to-point configuration as is shown
Figure 6. This configuration provides a clean signaling en-
vironment for the fast edge rates of the drivers. The receiver
is connected to the driver through a balanced media which
may be a standard twisted pair cable, a parallel pair cable, or
simply PCB traces. Typically, the characteristic differential
impedance of the media is in the range of 100
Ω. A termina-
tion resistor of 100
Ω (selected to match the media), and is lo-
cated as close to the receiver input pins as possible. The ter-
mination resistor converts the driver output current (current
mode) into a voltage that is detected by the receiver. Other
configurations are possible such as a multi-receiver configu-
ration, but the effects of a mid-stream connector(s), cable
stub(s), and other impedance discontinuities as well as
ground shifting, noise margin limits, and total termination
loading must be taken into account.
The DS90LV047A differential line driver is a balanced cur-
rent source design. A current mode driver, generally speak-
ing has a high output impedance and supplies a constant
current for a range of loads (a voltage mode driver on the
other hand supplies a constant voltage for a range of loads).
Current is switched through the load in one direction to pro-
duce a logic state and in the other direction to produce the
other logic state. The output current is typically 3.1 mA, a
minimum of 2.5 mA, and a maximum of 4.5 mA. The current
mode driver requires (as discussed above) that a resistive
termination be employed to terminate the signal and to com-
plete the loop as shown in
Figure 6. AC or unterminated con-
figurations are not allowed. The 3.1 mA loop current will de-
velop a differential voltage of 310mV across the 100
termination resistor which the receiver detects with a 250mV
minimum differential noise margin, (driven signal minus re-
ceiver threshold (250mV – 100mV = 150mV)). The signal is
centered around +1.2V (Driver Offset, V
OS) with respect to
ground as shown in
Figure 7. Note that the steady-state volt-
age (V
SS) peak-to-peak swing is twice the differential voltage
OD) and is typically 620mV.
The current mode driver provides substantial benefits over
voltage mode drivers, such as an RS-422 driver. Its quies-
cent current remains relatively flat versus switching fre-
quency. Whereas the RS-422 voltage mode driver increases
exponentially in most case between 20 MHz–50 MHz. This
is due to the overlap current that flows between the rails of
the device when the internal gates switch. Whereas the cur-
rent mode driver switches a fixed current between its output
without any substantial overlap current. This is similar to
some ECL and PECL devices, but without the heavy static
CC requirements of the ECL/PECL designs. LVDS requires
> 80% less current than similar PECL devices. AC specifica-
tions for the driver are a tenfold improvement over other ex-
isting RS-422 drivers.
FIGURE 5. Driver TRI-STATE Delay Waveform
FIGURE 6. Point-to-Point Application

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