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LM7805 Datasheet(PDF) 13 Page - Texas Instruments

Part No. LM7805
Description  1.5-A Fixed Voltage Regulators
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Manufacturer  TI1 [Texas Instruments]
Direct Link  http://www.ti.com
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LM7805 Datasheet(HTML) 13 Page - Texas Instruments

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LM340, LM340A, LM7805, LM7812, LM7815
www.ti.com
SNOSBT0K – FEBRUARY 2000 – REVISED JULY 2016
Product Folder Links: LM340 LM340A LM7805 LM7812 LM7815
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Copyright © 2000–2016, Texas Instruments Incorporated
8 Application and Implementation
NOTE
Information in the following applications sections is not part of the TI component
specification, and TI does not warrant its accuracy or completeness. TI’s customers are
responsible for determining suitability of components for their purposes. Customers should
validate and test their design implementation to confirm system functionality.
8.1 Application Information
The LM340x and LM78xx series is designed with thermal protection, output short-circuit protection, and output
transistor safe area protection. However, as with any IC regulator, it becomes necessary to take precautions to
assure that the regulator is not inadvertently damaged. The following describes possible misapplications and
methods to prevent damage to the regulator.
8.1.1 Shorting the Regulator Input
When using large capacitors at the output of these regulators, a protection diode connected input to output
(Figure 15) may be required if the input is shorted to ground. Without the protection diode, an input short causes
the input to rapidly approach ground potential, while the output remains near the initial VOUT because of the
stored charge in the large output capacitor. The capacitor will then discharge through a large internal input to
output diode and parasitic transistors. If the energy released by the capacitor is large enough, this diode, low
current metal, and the regulator are destroyed. The fast diode in Figure 15 shunts most of the capacitors
discharge current around the regulator. Generally no protection diode is required for values of output capacitance
≤ 10 μF.
8.1.2 Raising the Output Voltage Above the Input Voltage
Because the output of the device does not sink current, forcing the output high can cause damage to internal low
current paths in a manner similar to that just described in Shorting the Regulator Input.
8.1.3 Regulator Floating Ground
When the ground pin alone becomes disconnected, the output approaches the unregulated input, causing
possible damage to other circuits connected to VOUT. If ground is reconnected with power ON, damage may also
occur to the regulator. This fault is most likely to occur when plugging in regulators or modules with on card
regulators into powered up sockets. The power must be turned off first, the thermal limit ceases operating, or the
ground must be connected first if power must be left on. See Figure 16.
8.1.4 Transient Voltages
If transients exceed the maximum rated input voltage of the device, or reach more than 0.8 V below ground and
have sufficient energy, they will damage the regulator. The solution is to use a large input capacitor, a series
input breakdown diode, a choke, a transient suppressor or a combination of these.
Figure 15. Input Short


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