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ATMEGA48 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. ATMEGA48
Description  8-bit Microcontroller with 8K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
Download  349 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
Logo ATMEL - ATMEL Corporation

ATMEGA48 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers.
All the 32 registers are directly connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing
two independent registers to be accessed in one single instruction executed in one clock
cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving throughputs up to
ten times faster than conventional CISC microcontrollers.
The ATmega48/88/168 provides the following features: 4K/8K/16K bytes of In-System
Programmable Flash with Read-While-Write capabilities, 256/512/512 bytes EEPROM,
512/1K/1K bytes SRAM, 23 general purpose I/O lines, 32 general purpose working reg-
isters, three flexible Timer/Counters with compare modes, internal and external
interrupts, a serial programmable USART, a byte-oriented 2-wire Serial Interface, an
SPI serial port, a 6-channel 10-bit ADC (8 channels in TQFP and MLF packages), a pro-
grammable Watchdog Timer with internal Oscillator, and five software selectable power
saving modes. The Idle mode stops the CPU while allowing the SRAM, Timer/Counters,
USART, 2-wire Serial Interface, SPI port, and interrupt system to continue functioning.
The Power-down mode saves the register contents but freezes the Oscillator, disabling
all other chip functions until the next interrupt or hardware reset. In Power-save mode,
the asynchronous timer continues to run, allowing the user to maintain a timer base
while the rest of the device is sleeping. The ADC Noise Reduction mode stops the CPU
and all I/O modules except asynchronous timer and ADC, to minimize switching noise
during ADC conversions. In Standby mode, the crystal/resonator Oscillator is running
while the rest of the device is sleeping. This allows very fast start-up combined with low
power consumption.
The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high density non-volatile memory technology.
The On-chip ISP Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed In-System
through an SPI serial interface, by a conventional non-volatile memory programmer, or
by an On-chip Boot program running on the AVR core. The Boot program can use any
interface to download the application program in the Application Flash memory. Soft-
ware in the Boot Flash section will continue to run while the Application Flash section is
updated, providing true Read-While-Write operation. By combining an 8-bit RISC CPU
with In-System Self-Program mable Fl ash on a monolithic ch ip, the Atmel
ATmega48/88/168 is a powerful microcontroller that provides a highly flexible and cost
effective solution to many embedded control applications.
The ATmega48/88/168 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system devel-
op m ent to ols in clud in g: C C o m p ilers , M a cr o Assem b le rs, Prog ra m
Debugger/Simulators, In-Circuit Emulators, and Evaluation kits.
Comparison Between
ATmega48, ATmega88,
and ATmega168
The ATmega48, ATmega88 and ATmega168 differ only in memory sizes, boot loader
support, and interrupt vector sizes. Table 1 summarizes the different memory and inter-
rupt vector sizes for the three devices.
ATmega88 and ATmega168 support a real Read-While-Write Self-Programming mech-
anism. There is a separate Boot Loader Section, and the SPM instruction can only
execute from there. In ATmega48, there is no Read-While-Write support and no sepa-
rate Boot Loader Section. The SPM instruction can execute from the entire Flash.
Table 1. Memory Size Summary
Interrupt Vector Size
4K Bytes
256 Bytes
512 Bytes
1 instruction word/vector
8K Bytes
512 Bytes
1K Bytes
1 instruction word/vector
16K Bytes
512 Bytes
1K Bytes
2 instruction words/vector

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