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AT89S52 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. AT89S52
Description  8-bit Microcontroller with 8K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
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AT89S52
6
Special Function Registers
A map of the on-chip memory area called the Special Func-
tion Register (SFR) space is shown in Table 1.
Note that not all of the addresses are occupied, and unoc-
cupied addresses may not be implemented on the chip.
Read accesses to these addresses will in general return
random data, and write accesses will have an indetermi-
nate effect.
User software should not write 1s to these unlisted loca-
tions, since they may be used in future products to invoke
new features. In that case, the reset or inactive values of
the new bits will always be 0.
Timer 2 Registers: Control and status bits are contained in
registers T2CON (shown in Table 2) and T2MOD (shown in
Table 3) for Timer 2. The register pair (RCAP2H, RCAP2L)
are the Capture/Reload registers for Timer 2 in 16-bit cap-
ture mode or 16-bit auto-reload mode.
Interrupt Registers: The individual interrupt enable bits
are in the IE register. Two priorities can be set for each of
the six interrupt sources in the IP register.
Table 2. T2CON – Timer/Counter 2 Control Register
T2CON Address = 0C8H
Reset Value = 0000 0000B
Bit Addressable
Bit
TF2
EXF2
RCLK
TCLK
EXEN2
TR2
C/T2
CP/RL2
76543210
Symbol
Function
TF2
Timer 2 overflow flag set by a Timer 2 overflow and must be cleared by software. TF2 will not be set when either RCLK = 1
or TCLK = 1.
EXF2
Timer 2 external flag set when either a capture or reload is caused by a negative transition on T2EX and EXEN2 = 1.
When Timer 2 interrupt is enabled, EXF2 = 1 will cause the CPU to vector to the Timer 2 interrupt routine. EXF2 must be
cleared by software. EXF2 does not cause an interrupt in up/down counter mode (DCEN = 1).
RCLK
Receive clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its receive clock in serial port
Modes 1 and 3. RCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflow to be used for the receive clock.
TCLK
Transmit clock enable. When set, causes the serial port to use Timer 2 overflow pulses for its transmit clock in serial port
Modes 1 and 3. TCLK = 0 causes Timer 1 overflows to be used for the transmit clock.
EXEN2
Timer 2 external enable. When set, allows a capture or reload to occur as a result of a negative transition on T2EX if Timer
2 is not being used to clock the serial port. EXEN2 = 0 causes Timer 2 to ignore events at T2EX.
TR2
Start/Stop control for Timer 2. TR2 = 1 starts the timer.
C/T2
Timer or counter select for Timer 2. C/T2 = 0 for timer function. C/T2 = 1 for external event counter (falling edge triggered).
CP/RL2
Capture/Reload select. CP/RL2 = 1 causes captures to occur on negative transitions at T2EX if EXEN2 = 1. CP/RL2 = 0
causes automatic reloads to occur when Timer 2 overflows or negative transitions occur at T2EX when EXEN2 = 1. When
either RCLK or TCLK = 1, this bit is ignored and the timer is forced to auto-reload on Timer 2 overflow.




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