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SP6123 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - Sipex Corporation

Part No. SP6123
Description  Low Voltage, Synchronous Step-Down PWM Controller Ideal for 2A to 10A, Small Footprint, DC-DC Power Converters
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Maker  SIPEX [Sipex Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.sipex.com
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SP6123 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - Sipex Corporation

 
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Date: 5/25/04
SP6123 Low Voltage, Synchronous Step Down PWM Controller
© Copyright 2004 Sipex Corporation
General Overview
The SP6123 is a constant frequency, voltage mode,
synchronous PWM controller designed for low
voltage, DC/DC step down converters. It is in-
tended to provide complete control for a high
power, high efficiency, precisely regulated output
voltage from a highly integrated 8-pin solution.
The internal free-running oscillator accurately sets
the PWM frequency at 300kHz or 500kHz without
requiring any external elements and allows the use
of physically small, low value external compo-
nents without compromising performance. A
transconductance amplifier is used for the error
amplifier, which compares an attenuated sample
of the output voltage with a precision, 0.8V refer-
ence voltage. The output of the error amplifier
(COMP), is compared to a 0.75V peak-to-peak
ramp waveform to provide PWM control. The
COMP pin provides access to the output of the
error amplifier and allows the use of external
components to stabilize the voltage loop.
High efficiency is obtained through the use of
synchronous rectification. Synchronous regula-
tors replace the catch diode in the standard buck
converter with a low RDS(ON) N-channel
MOSFET switch allowing for significant effi-
ciency improvements. The SP6123 includes two
fast MOSFET drivers with internal non-overlap
circuitry and drives a pair of N-channel power
transistors. The SP6123 includes an internal
soft-start circuit that provides controlled ramp
up of the output voltage, preventing overshoot
and inrush current at power up.
Current limiting is implemented by monitoring
the voltage drop across the RDS(ON) of the high
side N-channel MOSFET while it is conducting,
thereby eliminating the need for an external
sense resistor. The overcurrent comparator has
a built-in threshold of 200mV .
When the overcurrent threshold is exceeded, the
overcurrent comparator sets the fault latch and
terminates the output pulses. The controller
stops switching and goes through a hiccup se-
quence. This prevents excessive power dissipa-
tion in the external power MOSFETs during an
overload condition. An internal delay circuit
prevents that very short and mild overload con-
ditions, that could occur during a load transient,
activate the current limit circuit.
+
-
-
+
-
+
Synchronous
Driver
PWM
Logic
S
Q
R
Reset
Dominant
R
Q
S
VCC
SWN
Reference
4
5
0.8V
UVLO
FAULT
SWN
6
1
GL
7
DRIVER ENABLE
RESET
Dominant
PWM COMP
FAULT
+
-
X 2.5
GH
GH
5µA
350mV
SHUTDOWN
GM
ERROR
AMP
Over Current
(Gated S&H)
2.8V ON
2.7V OFF
COMP
SHUTDOWN
F = 300kHz; SP6123
F = 500kHz; SP6123A
750mV RAMP
SOFTSTART
VFB
COMP
2
-
+
-
+
1V
500mV
(4000 ppm/°C)
+
-
GND
3
8
BST
BLOCK DIAGRAM
OPERATION


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