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SP230A Datasheet(PDF) 7 Page - Sipex Corporation

Part No. SP230A
Description  5V Powered Multi-Channel RS-232 Drivers/Receivers
Download  17 Pages
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Maker  SIPEX [Sipex Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.sipex.com
Logo SIPEX - Sipex Corporation

SP230A Datasheet(HTML) 7 Page - Sipex Corporation

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7
Date: 8/3/04
+ 5V Powered Multi-Channel RS-232 Drivers/Receivers
© Copyright 2004 Sipex Corporation
standards [EIA RS-232–D 2.1.7, Paragraph (5)]. The
transitionoftheloadedoutputfromV
OL to VOH clearly
meets the monotonicity requirements of the standard
[EIA RS-232–D 2.1.7, Paragraphs (1) & (2)].
Receivers
The receivers convert RS-232 input signals to in-
verted TTL signals. Since the input is usually from a
transmission line, where long cable lengths and sys-
tem interference can degrade the signal, the inputs
have a typical hysteresis margin of 500mV. This
ensures that the receiver is virtually immune to
noisy transmission lines.
The input thresholds are 0.8V minimum and 2.4V
maximum, again well within the
±3V RS-232 re-
quirements. The receiver inputs are also protected
against voltages up to
±30V. Should an input be left
unconnected, a 5k
Ω pulldown resistor to ground will
commit the output of the receiver to a high state.
In actual system applications, it is quite possible for
signals to be applied to the receiver inputs before
power is applied to the receiver circuitry. This occurs,
for example, when a PC user attempts to print, only to
realize the printer wasn’t turned on. In this case an
RS-232signalfromthePCwillappearonthereceiver
input at the printer. When the printer power is turned
on, the receiver will operate normally. All series
devices are fully protected. Again, to facilitate use in
“real-world” applications, the receiver outputs can be
tri–stated by bringing the ENABLE (EN) pin high,
with the driver remaining full active.
Charge Pump
ThechargepumpsectionoftheSP230Aseriesallows
the circuit to operate from a single +5V,
±10%power
S1
GND
V
CC
+
V+ = 2V
CC
+
V
CC
S2
S3
S4
C1
C3
INTERNAL
OSCILLATOR
Figure 1. Charge Pump Voltage Doubler
supply by generating the required operating voltages
internal to the devices. The charge pump consists of
two sections — 1) a voltage doubler and 2) a voltage
inverter.
As shown in Figure 1, an internal oscillator
triggers the charge accumulation and voltage
inversion. The voltage doubler momentarily
stores a charge on capacitor C
1 equal to VCC,
reference to ground. During the next transition
of the oscillator this charge is boot–strapped to
transfer charge to capacitor C
3. The voltage
across C
3 is now from VCC to V
+.
In the inverter section (Figure 2), the voltage
across C
3 is transferred to C2 forcing a range of
0V to V+ across C
2. Boot–strapping of C2 will
then transfer charge to C
4 to generate V
-.
The values of the capacitors are somewhat
non-critical and can be varied, however the
performance will be affected. As C
3 and C4 are
reduced, higher levels of ripple will appear.
Lower values of C
1 and C2 will increase the
10.5
10.0
9.5
9.0
8.5
8.0
7.5
7.0
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.0
05
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
V- I
(mA)
OUT
V
=5.5V
CC
V
=5V
CC
V
=4.5V
CC
10.5
10.0
9.5
9.0
8.5
8.0
7.5
7.0
6.5
6.0
5.5
5.0
05
10
15
20
25
30
35
40
V+ I
(mA)
OUT
V
=5.5V
CC
V
=5V
CC
V
=4.5V
CC
Charge Pump Output Loading versus VCC; a) V+; b) V
a)
b)


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