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S3C4530A Datasheet(PDF) 86 Page - Samsung semiconductor

Part No. S3C4530A
Description  16/32-bit RISC microcontroller is a cost-effective, high-performance microcontroller
Download  432 Pages
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Maker  SAMSUNG [Samsung semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor
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S3C4530A Datasheet(HTML) 86 Page - Samsung semiconductor

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INSTRUCTION SET
S3C4530A
3-44
INCLUSION OF THE BASE IN THE REGISTER LIST
When write-back is specified, the base is written back at the end of the second cycle of the instruction. During a
STM, the first register is written out at the start of the second cycle. A STM which includes storing the base, with
the base as the first register to be stored, will therefore store the unchanged value, whereas with the base second
or later in the transfer order, will store the modified value. A LDM will always overwrite the updated base if the
base is in the list.
DATA ABORTS
Some legal addresses may be unacceptable to a memory management system, and the memory manager can
indicate a problem with an address by taking the abort signal high. This can happen on any transfer during a
multiple register load or store, and must be recoverable if ARM7TDMI is to be used in a virtual memory system.
Aborts during STM Instructions
If the abort occurs during a store multiple instruction, ARM7TDMI takes little action until the instruction
completes, whereupon it enters the data abort trap. The memory manager is responsible for preventing
erroneous writes to the memory. The only change to the internal state of the processor will be the modification of
the base register if write-back was specified, and this must be reversed by software (and the cause of the abort
resolved) before the instruction may be retried.
Aborts during LDM Instructions
When ARM7TDMI detects a data abort during a load multiple instruction, it modifies the operation of the
instruction to ensure that recovery is possible.
— Overwriting of registers stops when the abort happens. The aborting load will not take place but earlier ones
may have overwritten registers. The PC is always the last register to be written and so will always be
preserved.
— The base register is restored, to its modified value if write-back was requested. This ensures recoverability in
the case where the base register is also in the transfer list, and may have been overwritten before the abort
occurred.
The data abort trap is taken when the load multiple has completed, and the system software must undo any base
modification (and resolve the cause of the abort) before restarting the instruction.
INSTRUCTION CYCLE TIMES
Normal LDM instructions take nS + 1N + 1I and LDM PC takes (n+1)S + 2N + 1I incremental cycles, where S,N
and I are defined as sequential (S-cycle), non-sequential (N-cycle), and internal (I-cycle), respectively. STM
instructions take (n-1)S + 2N incremental cycles to execute, where n is the number of words transferred.


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