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S3C4530A Datasheet(PDF) 49 Page - Samsung semiconductor

Part No. S3C4530A
Description  16/32-bit RISC microcontroller is a cost-effective, high-performance microcontroller
Download  432 Pages
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Maker  SAMSUNG [Samsung semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.samsung.com/Products/Semiconductor
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S3C4530A Datasheet(HTML) 49 Page - Samsung semiconductor

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S3C4530A
INSTRUCTION SET
3-7
BRANCH AND BRANCH WITH LINK (B, BL)
The instruction is only executed if the condition is true. The various conditions are defined Table 3-2. The
instruction encoding is shown in Figure 3-3, below.
31
24
27
Cond
Offset
28
23
[24] Link Bit
0 = Branch
1 = Branch with link
[31:28] Condition Field
25
101
L
0
Figure 3-3. Branch Instructions
Branch instructions contain a signed 2’s complement 24 bit offset. This is shifted left two bits, sign extended to 32
bits, and added to the PC. The instruction can therefore specify a branch of +/- 32Mbytes. The branch offset must
take account of the pre-fetch operation, which causes the PC to be 2 words (8 bytes) ahead of the current
instruction.
THE LINK BIT
Branch with Link (BL) writes the old PC into the link register (R14) of the current bank. The PC value written into
R14 is adjusted to allow for the pre-fetch, and contains the address of the instruction following the branch and link
instruction. Note that the CPSR is not saved with the PC and R14[1:0] are always cleared.
To return from a routine called by branch with link use MOV PC,R14 if the link register is still valid or LDM
Rn!,{..PC} if the link register has been saved onto a stack pointed to by Rn.
INSTRUCTION CYCLE TIMES
Branch and branch with link instructions take 2S + 1N incremental cycles, where S and N are defined as
sequential (S-cycle) and internal (I-cycle).


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