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ATMEGA16-16MC Datasheet(PDF) 40 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. ATMEGA16-16MC
Description  8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 16K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
Download  315 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
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ATMEGA16-16MC Datasheet(HTML) 40 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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40
ATmega16(L)
2466E–AVR–10/02
Watchdog Timer Control
Register – WDTCR
• Bits 7..5 – Res: Reserved Bits
These bits are reserved bits in the ATmega16 and will always read as zero.
• Bit 4 – WDTOE: Watchdog Turn-off Enable
This bit must be set when the WDE bit is written to logic zero. Otherwise, the Watchdog
will not be disabled. Once written to one, hardware will clear this bit after four clock
cycles. Refer to the description of the WDE bit for a Watchdog disable procedure.
• Bit 3 – WDE: Watchdog Enable
When the WDE is written to logic one, the Watchdog Timer is enabled, and if the WDE is
written to logic zero, the Watchdog Timer function is disabled. WDE can only be cleared
if the WDTOE bit has logic level one. To disable an enabled Watchdog Timer, the follow-
ing procedure must be followed:
1.
In the same operation, write a logic one to WDTOE and WDE. A logic one must
be written to WDE even though it is set to one before the disable operation
starts.
2.
Within the next four clock cycles, write a logic 0 to WDE. This disables the
Watchdog.
• Bits 2..0 – WDP2, WDP1, WDP0: Watchdog Timer Prescaler 2, 1, and 0
The WDP2, WDP1, and WDP0 bits determine the Watchdog Timer prescaling when the
Watchdog Timer is enabled. The different prescaling values and their corresponding
Timeout Periods are shown in Table 17.
Bit
765
4
321
0
WDTOE
WDE
WDP2
WDP1
WDP0
WDTCR
Read/Write
R
R
R
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
R/W
Initial Value
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
Table 17. Watchdog Timer Prescale Select
WDP2
WDP1
WDP0
Number of WDT
Oscillator Cycles
Typical Time-out
at V
CC = 3.0V
Typical Time-out
at V
CC = 5.0V
0
0
0
16K (16,384)
17.1 ms
16.3 ms
0
0
1
32K (32,768)
34.3 ms
32.5 ms
0
1
0
64K (65,536)
68.5 ms
65 ms
0
1
1
128K (131,072)
0.14 s
0.13 s
1
0
0
256K (262,144)
0.27 s
0.26 s
1
0
1
512K (524,288)
0.55 s
0.52 s
1
1
0
1,024K (1,048,576)
1.1 s
1.0 s
1
1
1
2,048K (2,097,152)
2.2 s
2.1 s


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