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ATMEGA16-16MC Datasheet(PDF) 16 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. ATMEGA16-16MC
Description  8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 16K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
Download  315 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com
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ATMEGA16-16MC Datasheet(HTML) 16 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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ATmega16(L)
2466E–AVR–10/02
Data Memory Access Times
This section describes the general access timing concepts for internal memory access.
The internal data SRAM access is performed in two clk
CPU cycles as described in Figure
10.
Figure 10. On-chip Data SRAM Access Cycles
EEPROM Data Memory
The ATmega16 contains 512 bytes of data EEPROM memory. It is organized as a sep-
arate data space, in which single bytes can be read and written. The EEPROM has an
endurance of at least 100,000 write/erase cycles. The access between the EEPROM
and the CPU is described in the following, specifying the EEPROM Address Registers,
the EEPROM Data Register, and the EEPROM Control Register.
For a detailed description of SPI and JTAG data downloading to the EEPROM, see
page 268 and page 272, respectively.
EEPROM Read/Write Access
The EEPROM Access Registers are accessible in the I/O space.
The write access time for the EEPROM is given in Table 1. A self-timing function, how-
ever, lets the user software detect when the next byte can be written. If the user code
contains instructions that write the EEPROM, some precautions must be taken. In
heavily filtered power supplies, V
CC is likely to rise or fall slowly on Power-up/down. This
causes the device for some period of time to run at a voltage lower than specified as
minimum for the clock frequency used. See “Preventing EEPROM Corruption” on page
20 for details on how to avoid problems in these situations.
In order to prevent unintentional EEPROM writes, a specific write procedure must be fol-
lowed. Refer to the description of the EEPROM Control Register for details on this.
When the EEPROM is read, the CPU is halted for four clock cycles before the next
instruction is executed. When the EEPROM is written, the CPU is halted for two clock
cycles before the next instruction is executed.
clk
WR
RD
Data
Data
Address
Address Valid
T1
T2
T3
Compute Address
CPU
Memory Access Instruction
Next Instruction


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