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ATMEGA16 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. ATMEGA16
Description  8-bit AVR Microcontroller with 16K Bytes In-System Programmable Flash
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Manufacturer  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Direct Link  http://www.atmel.com
Logo ATMEL - ATMEL Corporation

ATMEGA16 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working registers.
All the 32 registers are directly connected to the Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU), allowing
two independent registers to be accessed in one single instruction executed in one clock
cycle. The resulting architecture is more code efficient while achieving throughputs up to
ten times faster than conventional CISC microcontrollers.
The ATmega16 provides the following features: 16K bytes of In-System Programmable
Flash Program memory with Read-While-Write capabilities, 512 bytes EEPROM, 1K
byte SRAM, 32 general purpose I/O lines, 32 general purpose working registers, a
JTAG interface for Boundary-scan, On-chip Debugging support and programming, three
flexible Timer/Counters with compare modes, Internal and External Interrupts, a serial
programmable USART, a byte oriented Two-wire Serial Interface, an 8-channel, 10-bit
ADC with optional differential input stage with programmable gain (TQFP package only),
a programmable Watchdog Timer with Internal Oscillator, an SPI serial port, and six
software selectable power saving modes. The Idle mode stops the CPU while allowing
the USART, Two-wire interface, A/D Converter, SRAM, Timer/Counters, SPI port, and
interrupt system to continue functioning. The Power-down mode saves the register con-
tents but freezes the Oscillator, disabling all other chip functions until the next External
Interrupt or Hardware Reset. In Power-save mode, the Asynchronous Timer continues
to run, allowing the user to maintain a timer base while the rest of the device is sleeping.
The ADC Noise Reduction mode stops the CPU and all I/O modules except Asynchro-
nous Timer and ADC, to minimize switching noise during ADC conversions. In Standby
mode, the crystal/resonator Oscillator is running while the rest of the device is sleeping.
This allows very fast start-up combined with low-power consumption. In Extended
Standby mode, both the main Oscillator and the Asynchronous Timer continue to run.
The device is manufactured using Atmel’s high density nonvolatile memory technology.
The On-chip ISP Flash allows the program memory to be reprogrammed in-system
through an SPI serial interface, by a conventional nonvolatile memory programmer, or
by an On-chip Boot program running on the AVR core. The boot program can use any
interface to download the application program in the Application Flash memory. Soft-
ware in the Boot Flash section will continue to run while the Application Flash section is
updated, providing true Read-While-Write operation. By combining an 8-bit RISC CPU
with In-System Self-Programmable Flash on a monolithic chip, the Atmel ATmega16 is
a powerful microcontroller that provides a highly-flexible and cost-effective solution to
many embedded control applications.
The ATmega16 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system development
tools including: C compilers, macro assemblers, program debugger/simulators, in-circuit
emulators, and evaluation kits.
Pin Descriptions
Digital supply voltage.
Port A (PA7..PA0)
Port A serves as the analog inputs to the A/D Converter.
Port A also serves as an 8-bit bi-directional I/O port, if the A/D Converter is not used.
Port pins can provide internal pull-up resistors (selected for each bit). The Port A output
buffers have symmetrical drive characteristics with both high sink and source capability.
When pins PA0 to PA7 are used as inputs and are externally pulled low, they will source
current if the internal pull-up resistors are activated. The Port A pins are tri-stated when
a reset condition becomes active, even if the clock is not running.

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