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LT3570 Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT3570
Description  1.5A Buck Converter, 1.5A Boost Converter and LDO Controller
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
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LT3570 Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - Linear Technology

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LT3570
12
3570fb
and small circuit size, are therefore an option. You can
estimate output ripple with the following equations:
VRIPPLE =
ΔIL2
8• f • COUT
for ceramic capacitors
and
VRIPPLE=ΔIL2•ESRforelectrolyticcapacitors(tantalum
and aluminum)
The RMS content of this ripple is very low so the RMS
current rating of the output capacitor is usually not of
concern. It can be estimated with the formula:
IC(RMS) =
ΔIL2
12
Another constraint on the output capacitor is that it must
have greater energy storage than the inductor; if the stored
energy in the inductor transfers to the output, the resulting
voltage step should be small compared to the regulation
voltage. For a 5% overshoot, this requirement indicates:
COUT >10 •L •
ILIM2
VOUT2
⎝⎜
⎠⎟
2
The low ESR and small size of ceramic capacitors make
them the preferred type for LT3570 applications. Not all
ceramic capacitors are the same, however. Many of the
higher value capacitors use poor dielectrics with high
temperature and voltage coefficients. In particular, Y5V
and Z5U types lose a large fraction of their capacitance
with applied voltage and at temperature extremes. Because
loop stability and transient response depend on the value
of COUT, this loss may be unacceptable. Use X7R and X5R
types.
Electrolytic capacitors are also an option. The ESRs of
most aluminum electrolytic capacitors are too large to
deliver low output ripple. Tantalum, as well as newer,
lower ESR organic electrolytic capacitors intended for
power supply use are suitable. Chose a capacitor with a
low enough ESR for the required output ripple. Because
the volume of the capacitor determines its ESR, both the
size and the value will be larger than a ceramic capacitor
that would give similar ripple performance. One benefit
is that the larger capacitance may give better transient
response for large changes in load current. Table 2 lists
several capacitor vendors.
Table 2. Low ESR Surface Mount Capacitors
VENDOR
TYPE
SERIES
Taiyo Yuden
Ceramic
X5R, X7R
AVX
Ceramic
Tantalum
X5R, X7R
TPS
Kemet
Tantalum
Ta Organic
Al Organic
T491, T494, T495
T520
A700
Sanyo
Ta or Al Organic
POSCAP
Panasonic
Al Organic
SP CAP
TDK
Ceramic
X5R, X7R
Boost Output Capacitor Selection
Low ESR capacitors should be used at the output to
minimize the output ripple voltage. Multilayer ceramic
capacitors are the best choice, as they have a very low
ESR and are available in very small packages. Always use
a capacitor with a sufficient voltage rating. Boost regula-
tors have large RMS ripple current in the output capacitor,
which must be rated to handle the current. The formula
to calculate this is:
IRIPPLE(RMS) =IOUT
DC1
1– DC1
= IOUT1
VOUT1 –VIN1
VIN1
and is largest when VIN1 is at its minimum value if VOUT1
and IOUT1 are constant. With a 1.5A current limit, the
maximum that the output current ripple can be is ~0.75A.
Table 2 lists several capacitor vendors.
Buck Input Capacitor Selection
Bypass the input of the LT3570 circuit with a 10μF or
higher ceramic capacitor of X7R or X5R type. A lower
value or a less expensive Y5V type will work if there is
additional bypassing provided by bulk electrolytic capaci-
tors, or if the input source impedance is low. The following
paragraphs describe the input capacitor considerations
in more detail.
Step-down regulators draw current from the input supply
in pulses with very fast rise and fall times. The input ca-
pacitor is required to reduce the resulting voltage ripple
at the LT3570 input and to force this switching current
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION


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