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LT1959 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT1959
Description  4.5A, 500kHz Step-Down Switching Regulator
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
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LT1959 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Linear Technology

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6
LT1959
PIN FUNCTIONS
FB: The feedback pin is used to set output voltage using an
external voltage divider that generates 1.21V at the pin
with the desired output voltage. Three additional functions
are performed by the FB pin. When the pin voltage drops
below 0.8V, switch current limit is reduced. Below 0.7V
the external sync function is disabled and switching fre-
quency is reduced. See Feedback Pin Function section in
Applications Information for details.
BOOST: The BOOST pin is used to provide a drive voltage,
higher than the input voltage, to the internal bipolar NPN
power switch. Without this added voltage, the typical
switch voltage loss would be about 1.5V. The additional
boost voltage allows the switch to saturate and voltage
loss approximates that of a 0.07
Ω FET structure, but with
much smaller die area. Efficiency improves from 75% for
conventional bipolar designs to > 89% for these new parts.
VIN: This is the collector of the on-chip power NPN switch.
This pin powers the internal circuitry and internal regula-
tor. At NPN switch on and off, high dI/dt edges occur on
this pin. Keep the external bypass and catch diode close to
this pin. All trace inductance on this path will create a
voltage spike at switch off, adding to the VCE voltage
across the internal NPN.
GND: The GND pin connection needs consideration for
two reasons. First, it acts as the reference for the regulated
output, so load regulation will suffer if the “ground” end of
the load is not at the same voltage as the GND pin of the
IC. This condition will occur when load current or other
currents flow through metal paths between the GND pin
and the load ground point. Keep the ground path short
between the GND pin and the load and use a ground plane
when possible. The second consideration is EMI caused
by GND pin current spikes. Internal capacitance between
the VSW pin and the GND pin creates very narrow (<10ns)
current spikes in the GND pin. If the GND pin is connected
to system ground with a long metal trace, this trace may
radiate excess EMI. Keep the path between the input
bypass and the GND pin short. The GND pin of the SO-8
package is directly attached to the internal tab. This pin
should be attached to a large copper area to improve
thermal resistance.
VSW: The switch pin is the emitter of the on-chip power
NPN switch. This pin is driven up to the input pin voltage
during switch on time. Inductor current drives the switch
pin negative during switch off time. Negative voltage is
clamped with the external catch diode. Maximum negative
switch voltage allowed is – 0.8V.
SYNC: (S08 Package Only) The sync pin is used to
synchronize the internal oscillator to an external signal. It
is directly logic compatible and can be driven with any
signal between 10% and 90% duty cycle. The synchroniz-
ing range is equal to
initial operating frequency, up to
1MHz. See Synchronizing section in Applications Infor-
mation for details. When not in use, this pin should be
grounded.
SHDN: The shutdown pin is used to turn off the regulator
and to reduce input drain current to a few microamperes.
Actually, this pin has two separate thresholds, one at
2.38V to disable switching, and a second at 0.4V to force
complete micropower shutdown. The 2.38V threshold
functions as an accurate undervoltage lockout (UVLO).
This is sometimes used to prevent the regulator from
operating until the input votlage has reached a predeter-
mined level.
VC: The VC pin is the output of the error amplifier and the
input of the peak switch current comparator. It is normally
used for frequency compensation, but can do double duty
as a current clamp or control loop override. This pin sits
at about 1V for very light loads and 2V at maximum load.
It can be driven to ground to shut off the regulator, but if
driven high, current must be limited to 4mA.


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