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LT1959 Datasheet(PDF) 23 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT1959
Description  4.5A, 500kHz Step-Down Switching Regulator
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
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LT1959 Datasheet(HTML) 23 Page - Linear Technology

 
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23
LT1959
APPLICATIONS INFORMATION
Redundant Operation
The circuit shown in Figure 15 is fault tolerant when
operating at less than 8A of output current. If one device
fails, the output will remain in regulation. The feedback
loop will compensate by raising the voltage on the VC pin,
increasing switch current of the two remaining devices.
BUCK CONVERTER WITH ADJUSTABLE SOFT START
Large capacitive loads can cause high input currents at
start-up. Figure 16 shows a circuit that limits the dv/dt of
the output at start-up, controlling the capacitor charge
rate. The buck converter is a typical configuration with the
addition of R3, R4, CSS and Q1. As the output starts to rise,
Q1 turns on, regulating switch current via the VC pin to
maintain a constant dv/dt at the output. Output rise time is
controlled by the current through CSS defined by R4 and
Q1’s VBE. Once the output is in regulation, Q1 turns off and
the circuit operates normally. R3 is transient protection for
the base of Q1.
RiseTime
RC
V
V
SS
OUT
BE
=
()(
)(
)
()
4
Using the values shown in Figure 16,
RiseTime
ms
==
(
)(
)( . )
.
.
47 10
15 10
2 5
07
25
39
The ramp is linear and rise times in the order of 100ms are
possible. Since the circuit is voltage controlled, the ramp
rate is unaffected by load characteristics and maximum
output current is unchanged. Variants of this circuit can be
used for sequencing multiple regulator outputs.
Dual Output SEPIC Converter
The circuit in Figure 17 generates both positive and
negative 5V outputs with a single piece of magnetics. The
two inductors shown are actually just two windings on a
standard B H Electronics inductor. The topology for the 5V
output is a standard buck converter. The – 5V topology
would be a simple flyback winding coupled to the buck
converter if C4 were not present. C4 creates a SEPIC
(Single-Ended Primary Inductance Converter) topology
whicn improves regulation and reduces ripple current in
L1. Without C4, the voltage swing on L1B compared to
L1A would vary due to relative loading and coupling
losses. C4 provides a low impedance path to maintain an
equal voltage swing in L1B, improving regulation. In a
flyback converter, during switch on time, all the converter’s
energy is stroed in L1A only, since no current flows in L1B.
At switch off, energy is transferred by magnetic coupling
into L1B, powering the – 5V rail. C4 pulls L1B positive
during switch on time, causing current to flow, and energy
to build in L1B and C4. At switch off, the energy stored in
both L1B and C4 supply the –5V rail. This reduces the
current in L1A and changes L1B current waveform from
square to triangular. For details on this circuit see Design
Note 100.
Figure 16. Buck Converter with Adjustable Soft Start
OUTPUT
5V
OUTPUT
–5V
* L1 IS A SINGLE CORE WITH TWO WINDINGS
BH ELECTRONICS #501-0726
** TOKIN IE475ZY5U-C304
IF LOAD CAN GO TO ZERO, AN OPTIONAL
PRELOAD OF 1k TO 5k MAY BE USED TO
IMPROVE LOAD REGULATION
D1, D3: MBRD340
INPUT
6V TO 15V
GND
1959 F17
C2
0.27
µF
CC
1.5nF
D1
C1**
100
µF
10V TANT
C5**
100
µF
10V TANT
C3
10
µF
25V
CERAMIC
C4**
4.7
µF
D2
1N914
D3
L1*
6.8
µH
L1*
R1
7.87k
R2
2.49k
+
+
+
+
BOOST
LT1959
VIN
VSW
FB
SHDN
GND
VC
Figure 17. Dual Output SEPIC Converter
BOOST
LT1959
VIN
OUTPUT
2.5V
4A
INPUT
12V
1959 F16
C2
0.33
µF
C1
100
µF
CSS
15nF
CC
1.5nF
D1
C3
10
µF
D2
1N914
L1
5
µH
R1
2.67k
R3
2k
VSW
FB
SHDN
GND
VC
+
R2
2.49k
R4
47k
Q1
Information furnished by Linear Technology Corporation is believed to be accurate and reliable.
However, no responsibility is assumed for its use. Linear Technology Corporation makes no represen-
tation that the interconnection of its circuits as described herein will not infringe on existing patent rights.


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