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LT1959 Datasheet(PDF) 7 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT1959
Description  4.5A, 500kHz Step-Down Switching Regulator
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
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LT1959 Datasheet(HTML) 7 Page - Linear Technology

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7
LT1959
BLOCK DIAGRAM
and output capacitor, then an abrupt 180
° shift will occur.
The current fed system will have 90
° phase shift at a much
lower frequency, but will not have the additional 90
° shift
until well beyond the LC resonant frequency. This makes
it much easier to frequency compensate the feedback loop
and also gives much quicker transient response.
High switch efficiency is attained by using the BOOST pin
to provide a voltage to the switch driver which is higher
than the input voltage, allowing switch to be saturated.
This boosted voltage is generated with an external capaci-
tor and diode. Two comparators are connected to the
shutdown pin. One has a 2.38V threshold for undervoltage
lockout and the second has a 0.4V threshold for complete
shutdown.
The LT1959 is a constant frequency, current mode buck
converter. This means that there is an internal clock and
two feedback loops that control the duty cycle of the power
switch. In addition to the normal error amplifier, there is a
current sense amplifier that monitors switch current on a
cycle-by-cycle basis. A switch cycle starts with an oscilla-
tor pulse which sets the RS flip-flop to turn the switch on.
When switch current reaches a level set by the inverting
input of the comparator, the flip-flop is reset and the
switch turns off. Output voltage control is obtained by
using the output of the error amplifier to set the switch
current trip point. This technique means that the error
amplifier commands current to be delivered to the output
rather than voltage. A voltage fed system will have low
phase shift up to the resonant frequency of the inductor
Figure 1. Block Diagram
+
Σ
INPUT
2.9V BIAS
REGULATOR
500kHz
OSCILLATOR
FREQUENCY
SHIFT CIRCUIT
VSW
FB
VC
GND
1959 BD
SLOPE COMP
0.01
INTERNAL
VCC
CURRENT
SENSE
AMPLIFIER
VOLTAGE GAIN = 20
SYNC
SHDN
SHUTDOWN
COMPARATOR
LOCKOUT
COMPARATOR
CURRENT
COMPARATOR
ERROR
AMPLIFIER
gm = 2000µMho
FOLDBACK
CURRENT
LIMIT
CLAMP
BOOST
RS
FLIP-FLOP
DRIVER
CIRCUITRY
S
R
0.9V
Q2
Q1
POWER
SWITCH
PARASITIC DIODES
DO NOT FORWARD BIAS
1.21V
+
0.4V
3.5
µA
2.38V


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