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LT1109 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT1109
Description  Micropower Low Cost DC/DC Converter Adjustable and Fixed 5V, 12V
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
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LT1109
6
kept to 600mA or less. Higher switch currents will cause
excessive drop across the switch resulting in reduced
efficiency. In general, switch current should be held to as
low a value as possible in order to keep switch, diode and
inductor losses at a minimum.
As an example, suppose 12V at 60mA is to be generated
from a 4.5V input. Recalling Equation 01,
PL = (12V + 0.5V – 4.5V) (60mA) = 480mW.
(06)
Energy required from the inductor is
Picking an inductor value of 33
µH with 0.2Ω DCR results
in a peak switch current of
Substituting IPEAK into Equation 03 results in
Since 4.77
µJ > 4µJ the 33µH inductor will work. This trial-
and-error approach can be used to select the optimum
inductor. Keep in mind the switch current maximum rating
of 1.2A. If the calculated peak current exceeds this, the
input voltage must be increased or the load decreased.
Capacitor Selection
The output capacitor should be chosen on the basis of its
equivalent series resistance (ESR). Surface-mount tanta-
lum electrolytics can be used provided the ESR value is
sufficiently low. An ESR of 0.1
Ω will result in a 50mV step
at the output of the converter when the peak inductor
current is 500mA. Physically larger capacitors have lower
ESR.
Diode Selection
Speed, forward drop, and leakage current are the three
main considerations in selecting a catch diode for LT1109
converters. General purpose rectifiers such as the 1N4001
are
unsuitable for use in any switching regulator applica-
tion. Although they are rated at 1A, the switching time of
a 1N4001 is in the 10
µs-50µsrange.Atbest,efficiencywill
be severely compromised when these diodes are used; at
worst, the circuit may not work at all. Most LT1109 circuits
will be well served by a 1N5818 Schottky diode. The
combination of 500mV forward drop at 1A current, fast
turn-ON and turn-OFF time, and 4
µA to 10µA leakage
current fit nicely with LT1109 requirements. At peak
switch currents of 100mA or less, a 1N4148 signal diode
may be used. This diode has leakage current in the 1nA to
5nA range at 25
°C and lower cost than a 1N5818.
Table 1. Inductor Manufacturers
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBERS
Caddell-Burns
7120 Series
258 East Second Street
Mineola, NY 11501
516-746-2310
Coiltronics Incorporated
Surface Mount
6000 Park of Commerce Blvd.
CTX33-1
Boca Raton, FL 33487
407-241-7876
Coilcraft
DT3316 Series
1102 Silver Lake Road
Cary, IL 60013
708-639-6400
Sumida Electric Co., Ltd.
CD54
637 E. Golf Road, Suite 209
CD105
Arlington Heights, IL 60005
Surface Mount
708-956-0666
Table 2. Capacitor Manufacturers
MANUFACTURER
PART NUMBERS
Sanyo Video Components
OS-CON Series
2001 Sanyo Avenue
San Diego, CA 92173
619-661-6835
Matsuo Electronics
267 Series
2134 Main Street, Suite 200
Huntington Beach, CA 92648
714-969-2491
Kemet Electronics Corporation
T491 Series
Box 5928
Greenville, SC 29606
803-963-6621
Philips Components
49MC Series
2001 W. Blue Heron Blvd.
P.O. Box 10330
Riviera Beach, FL 33404
407-881-3200
P
F
mW
kHz
J
L
OSC
==
()
480
120
40
07
..
µ
I
V
e
mA
PEAK
s
H
=
 =
()
45
10
1
538
08
10 42
33
.
.
.
–.
.
µ
µ
EH
A
J
L =
()(
) =
()
1
2
33
0 538
4 77
09
2
µµ
..
.
S
APPLICATI
I FOR ATIO




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