Electronic Components Datasheet Search
  English  ▼

Delete All
ON OFF
ALLDATASHEET.COM

X  

Preview PDF Download HTML

LT1108 Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LT1108
Description  Micropower DC/DC Converter Adjustable and Fixed 5V, 12V
Download  12 Pages
Scroll/Zoom Zoom In 100% Zoom Out
Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com
Logo 

LT1108 Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - Linear Technology

Zoom Inzoom in Zoom Outzoom out
 6 / 12 page
background image
6
LT1108
INDUCTOR SELECTION
General
A DC/DC converter operates by storing energy as mag-
netic flux in an inductor core, and then switching this
energy into the load. Since it is flux, not charge, that is
stored, the output voltage can be higher, lower, or oppo-
site in polarity to the input voltage by choosing an appro-
priate switching topology.
To operate as an efficient energy transfer element, the
inductor must fulfill three requirements. First, the induc-
tance must be low enough for the inductor to store adequate
energy under the worst case condition of minimum input
voltage and switch-ON time. The inductance must also be
high enough so maximum current ratings of the LT1108
and inductor are not exceeded at the other worst case
condition of maximum input voltage and ON-time.
Additionally, the inductor core must be able to store the
required flux; i.e., it must not
saturate. At power levels
generally encountered with LT1108 based designs, small
surface mount ferrite core units with saturation current
ratings in the 300mA to 1A range and DCR less than 0.4
(depending on application) are adequate.
Lastly, the inductor must have sufficiently low DC resis-
tance so excessive power is not lost as heat in the windings.
An additional consideration is Electro-Magnetic Interfer-
ence (EMI). Toroid and pot core type inductors are recom-
mended in applications where EMI must be kept to a
minimum; for example, where there are sensitive analog
circuitry or transducers nearby. Rod core types are a less
expensive choice where EMI is not a problem. Minimum
and maximum input voltage, output voltage and output
current must be established before an inductor can be
selected.
Step-Up Converter
In a step-up, or boost converter (Figure 1), power generated
by the inductor makes up the difference between input and
output. Power required from the inductor is determined by
PV
V
V
I
L
OUT
D
IN MIN
OUT
=+
()( )
–( )
01
S
APPLICATI
I FOR ATIO
where VD is the diode drop (0.5V for a 1N5818 Schottky).
Energy required by the inductor per cycle must be equal or
greater than
P f
L
OSC
/(
)
02
in order for the converter to regulate the output.
When the switch is closed, current in the inductor builds
according to
It
V
R
e
L
IN
Rt
L
()
'
–(
)
–'
=
103
where R' is the sum of the switch equivalent resistance
(0.8
Ω typical at 25°C) and the inductor DC resistance.
When the drop across the switch is small compared to VIN,
the simple lossless equation
It
V
L
t
L
IN
() =
()
04
can be used. These equations assume that at t = 0,
inductor current is zero. This situation is called “discontinu-
ous mode operation” in switching regulator parlance.
Setting “t” to the switch-ON time from the LT1108 specifi-
cation table (typically 36
µs)willyieldIPEAK foraspecific“L”
and VIN. Once IPEAK is known, energy in the inductor at the
end of the switch-ON time can be calculated as
ELI
L
PEAK
=
1
2
05
2
()
EL must be greater than PL/fOSC for the converter to deliver
the required power. For best efficiency IPEAK should be kept
to 1A or less. Higher switch currents will cause excessive
drop across the switch resulting in reduced efficiency. In
general, switch current should be held to as low a value as
possible in order to keep switch, diode and inductor losses
at a minimum.
As an example, suppose 12V at 30mA is to be generated
from a 2V to 3V input. Recalling equation (01),
P
V
V
V
mA
mW
L =+
()(
)=
12
0 5
2
30
315
06
.–
(
)


Html Pages

1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  10  11  12 


Datasheet Download




Link URL




Privacy Policy
ALLDATASHEET.COM
Does ALLDATASHEET help your business so far?  [ DONATE ]  

About Alldatasheet   |   Advertisement   |   Datasheet Upload   |   Contact us   |   Privacy Policy   |   Alldatasheet API   |   Link Exchange   |   Manufacturer List
All Rights Reserved© Alldatasheet.com


Mirror Sites
English : Alldatasheet.com  |   English : Alldatasheet.net  |   Chinese : Alldatasheetcn.com  |   German : Alldatasheetde.com  |   Japanese : Alldatasheet.jp
Russian : Alldatasheetru.com  |   Korean : Alldatasheet.co.kr  |   Spanish : Alldatasheet.es  |   French : Alldatasheet.fr  |   Italian : Alldatasheetit.com
Portuguese : Alldatasheetpt.com  |   Polish : Alldatasheet.pl  |   Vietnamese : Alldatasheet.vn