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LTC3203B-1 Datasheet(PDF) 8 Page - Linear Technology

Part No. LTC3203B-1
Description  500mA Output Current Low Noise Dual Mode Step-Up Charge Pumps
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Maker  LINER [Linear Technology]
Homepage  http://www.linear.com

LTC3203B-1 Datasheet(HTML) 8 Page - Linear Technology

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The LTC3203/LTC3203-1/LTC3203B/LTC3203B-1 use
a switched capacitor charge pump to boost VIN to a
regulated output voltage. Regulation is achieved by sens-
ing the output voltage through a resistor divider and
modulating the charge pump output current based on the
error signal. A two-phase non-overlapping clock activates
the charge pump switches. The typical frequency of charg-
ing and discharging the flying capacitors is 1MHz
(2x mode) or 0.9MHz (1.5x mode). A unique architecture
maintains relatively constant input current for the lowest
possible input noise.
Mode of Operation
The LTC3203/LTC3203-1/LTC3203B/LTC3203B-1 charge
pump can operate in two modes of voltage conversion:
1.5x or 2x.
In the 1.5x mode the flying capacitors are charged in series
during the first clock phase, and stacked in parallel on top
of VIN on the second clock phase. Alternatively, in the 2x
mode the flying capacitors are charged on alternate clock
phases from VIN. While one capacitor is being charged
from VIN, the other is stacked on top of VIN and connected
to the output. The two flying capacitors operate out of
phase to minimize both input and output ripple. At light
load the LTC3203/LTC3203-1 go into Burst Mode opera-
tion to reduce quiescent current.
The conversion mode should be chosen based on consid-
erations of efficiency, available output current and VOUT
ripple. With a given VIN, the 1.5x mode gives a higher
efficiency but lower available output current. The 2x mode
gives a higher available output current but lower effi-
ciency. Moreover, the output voltage ripple in the 2x mode
is lower due to the out-of-phase operation of the two
flying capacitors.
Generally, at low VIN, the 2x mode should be selected, and
at higher VIN, the 1.5x mode should be selected. By
connecting a resistive divider from VIN to the MODE input
pin the MODE input allows the user to accurately program
the VIN threshold at which the charge pump will switch
from 1.5x mode to 2x mode when VIN starts to fall and
vice versa. Hysteresis on the MODE pin prevents the
LTC3203/LTC3203-1/LTC3203B/LTC3203B-1 from
switching continuously between the two modes.
Output Voltage Programming
The LTC3203-1/LTC3203B-1 has a VSEL input pin that
allows the user to program the regulated output voltage to
either 4.5V or 5V. 4.5V VOUT is useful for driving white
LEDs while a regulated VOUT of 5V is useful for powering
logic circuits.
The LTC3203/LTC3203B has a FB pin in place of the VSEL
pin that allows the output voltage to be programmed using
an external resistive divider.
Shutdown Mode
When SHDN is asserted low, the LTC3203/LTC3203-1/
LTC3203B/LTC3203B-1 enter shutdown mode. The charge
pump is first disabled, but the LTC3203/LTC3203-1/
LTC3203B/LTC3203B-1 continue to draw 5
µA of supply
current. This current will drop to less than 1
µA when VOUT
is fully discharged to 0V. Furthermore, VOUT is discon-
nected from VIN. Since the SHDN pin is a high impedance
CMOS input, it should never be allowed to float.
Burst Mode Operation
The LTC3203/LTC3203-1 provide automatic Burst Mode
operation to reduce quiescent current of the power con-
verter at light loads. Burst Mode operation is initiated if the
output load current falls below an internally programmed
threshold. Once Burst Mode operation is initiated, the part
shuts down the internal oscillator to reduce the switching
losses and goes into a low current state. This state is
referred to as the Sleep state in which the chip consumes
only about 120
µA from the input.

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