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ADXRS610 Datasheet(PDF) 9 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. ADXRS610
Description  300/sec Yaw Rate Gyro
Download  12 Pages
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
Logo AD - Analog Devices

ADXRS610 Datasheet(HTML) 9 Page - Analog Devices

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ADXRS610
Rev. A | Page 9 of 12
THEORY OF OPERATION
0.1
0.01
0.000001
0.00001
0.0001
0.001
10
100k
1k
100
(Hz)
10k
The ADXRS610 operates on the principle of a resonator gyro.
Two polysilicon sensing structures each contain a dither frame
that is electrostatically driven to resonance, producing the
necessary velocity element to produce a Coriolis force during
angular rate. At two of the outer extremes of each frame,
orthogonal to the dither motion, are movable fingers that are
placed between fixed pickoff fingers to form a capacitive pickoff
structure that senses Coriolis motion. The resulting signal is fed
to a series of gain and demodulation stages that produce the
electrical rate signal output. The dual-sensor design rejects
external g-forces and vibration. Fabricating the sensor with the
signal conditioning electronics preserves signal integrity in
noisy environments.
The electrostatic resonator requires 18 V to 20 V for operation.
Because only 5 V are typically available in most applications, a
charge pump is included on-chip. If an external 18 V to 20 V
supply is available, the two capacitors on CP1 through CP4 can
be omitted and this supply can be connected to CP5 (Pin 6D,
Pin 7D). Note that CP5 should not be grounded when power is
applied to the ADXRS610. Although no damage occurs, under
certain conditions the charge pump may fail to start up after the
ground is removed without first removing power from the
ADXRS610.
Figure 22. Noise Spectral Density with Additional 250 Hz Filter
TEMPERATURE OUTPUT AND CALIBRATION
It is common practice to temperature-calibrate gyros to improve
their overall accuracy. The ADXRS610 has a temperature propor-
tional voltage output that provides input to such a calibration
method. The temperature sensor structure is shown in Figure
23. The temperature output is characteristically nonlinear, and
any load resistance connected to the TEMP output results in
decreasing the TEMP output and temperature coefficient.
Therefore, buffering the output is recommended.
SETTING BANDWIDTH
The voltage at the TEMP pin (3F, 3G) is nominally 2.5 V at
25°C, and VRATIO = 5 V. The temperature coefficient is ~9 mV/°C
at 25°C. Although the TEMP output is highly repeatable, it has
only modest absolute accuracy.
External Capacitor COUT is used in combination with the on-
chip ROUT resistor to create a low-pass filter to limit the
bandwidth of the ADXRS610 rate response. The –3 dB
frequency set by ROUT and COUT is
()
OUT
OUT
UT
O
C
R
f
×
×
×
=
π
2
1
VRATIO
VTEMP
RFIXED
RTEMP
and can be well controlled because ROUT has been trimmed
during manufacturing to be 180 kΩ ±1%. Any external resistor
applied between the RATEOUT pin (1B, 2A) and SUMJ pin
(1C, 2C) results in
Figure 23. ADXRS610 Temperature Sensor Structure
CALIBRATED PERFORMANCE
Using a 3-point calibration technique, it is possible to calibrate
the null and sensitivity drift of the ADXRS610 to an overall
accuracy of nearly 200°/hour. An overall accuracy of 40°/hour
or better is possible using more points.
(
)
()
EXT
EXT
UT
O
R
R
R
+
×
=
180
180
In general, an additional hardware or software filter is added to
attenuate high frequency noise arising from demodulation
spikes at the gyro’s 14 kHz resonant frequency (the noise spikes
at 14 kHz can be clearly seen in the power spectral density
curve shown in Figure 21). Typically, this additional filter’s
corner frequency is set to greater than 5× the required
bandwidth to preserve good phase response.
Limiting the bandwidth of the device reduces the flat-band
noise during the calibration process, improving the
measurement accuracy at each calibration point.
Figure 22 shows the effect of adding a 250 Hz filter to the
output of an ADXRS610 set to 40 Hz bandwidth (as shown in
Figure 21). High frequency demodulation artifacts are
attenuated by approximately 18 dB.


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