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AD73360L Datasheet(PDF) 23 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. AD73360L
Description  Six-Input Channel Analog Front End
Download  32 Pages
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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AD73360L Datasheet(HTML) 23 Page - Analog Devices

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REV. 0
AD73360L
–23–
DIGITAL GROUND
ANALOG GROUND
Figure 29. Ground Plane Layout
Avoid running digital lines under the device for they will couple
noise onto the die. The analog ground plane should be allowed
to run under the AD73360L to avoid noise coupling. The power
supply lines to the AD73360L should use as large a trace as
possible to provide low impedance paths and reduce the effects
of glitches on the power supply lines. Fast switching signals such
as clocks should be shielded with digital ground to avoid radiating
noise to other sections of the board, and clock signals should
never be run near the analog inputs. Traces on opposite sides
of the board should run at right angles to each other. This will
reduce the effects of feedthrough through the board. A micro-
strip technique is by far the best but is not always possible with
a double-sided board. In this technique, the component side
of the board is dedicated to ground planes while signals are
placed on the other side.
Good decoupling is important when using high-speed devices. All
analog and digital supplies should be decoupled to AGND and
DGND respectively, with 0.1
µF ceramic capacitors in parallel
with 10
µF tantalum capacitors. To achieve the best from these
decoupling capacitors, they should be placed as close as possible
to the device, ideally right up against it. In systems where a
common supply voltage is used to drive both the AVDD and
DVDD of the AD73360L, it is recommended that the system’s
AVDD supply be used. This supply should have the recom-
mended analog supply decoupling between the AVDD pins of
the AD73360L and AGND and the recommended digital supply
decoupling capacitors between the DVDD pin and DGND.
DSP Programming Considerations
This section discusses some aspects of how the serial port of the
DSP should be configured and the implications of whether Rx
and Tx interrupts should be enabled.
DSP SPORT Configuration
Following are the key settings of the DSP SPORT required for
the successful operation with the AD73360L:
• Configure for external SCLK.
• Serial Word Length = 16 bits.
• Transmit and Receive Frame Syncs required with every word.
• Receive Frame Sync is an input to the DSP.
• Transmit Frame Sync is an:
Input—in Frame Sync Loop-Back Mode,
Output—in Nonframe Sync Loop-Back Mode.
• Frame Syncs occur one SCLK cycle before the MSB of the
serial word.
• Frame Syncs are active high.
Digital Interface
As there are a number of variations of sample rate and clock
speeds that can be used with the AD73360L in a particular appli-
cation, it is important to select the best combination to achieve the
desired performance. High-speed serial clocks will read the data
from the AD73360L in a shorter time, giving more time for
processing at the expense of injecting some digital noise into
the circuit. Digital noise can also be reduced by connecting
resistors (typ <50
Ω) in series with the digital input and out-
put lines. The noise can be minimized by good grounding and
layout. Typically, the best performance is achieved by selecting
the slowest sample rate and SCLK frequency for the required
application as this will produce the least amount of digital noise.
Figure 28 shows combinations of sample rate and SCLK frequency
which will allow data to be read from all six channels in one sample
period. These figures correspond to setting DMCLK = MCLK.
8kSPS
16kSPS
32kSPS
64kSPS
SAMPLE RATE
NOTE: SOME COMBINATIONS OF SCLK AND SAMPLE RATE WILL NOT
BE SUFFICIENT TO READ DATA FROM ALL SIX CHANNELS IN THE
ALLOTTED TIME. THESE ARE DEPICTED AS NO.
2MHz
YES
YES
NO
NO
4MHz
YES
YES
YES
NO
8MHz
YES
YES
YES
YES
16MHz
YES
YES
YES
YES
Figure 28. SCLK and Sample Rates
Grounding and Layout
Since the analog inputs to the AD73360L are differential, most
of the voltages in the analog modulator are common-mode
voltages. The excellent common-mode rejection of the part will
remove common-mode noise on these inputs. The analog and
digital supplies of the AD73360L are independent and separately
pinned out to minimize coupling between analog and digital
sections of the device. The digital filters on the encoder section
will provide rejection of broadband noise on the power supplies,
except at integer multiples of the modulator sampling frequency.
The digital filters also remove noise from the analog inputs
provided the noise source does not saturate the analog modula-
tor. However, because the resolution of the AD73360L’s ADC
is high, and the noise levels from the AD73360L are so low,
care must be taken with regard to grounding and layout.
The printed circuit board that houses the AD73360L should be
designed so the analog and digital sections are separated and
confined to certain sections of the board. The AD73360L pin
configuration offers a major advantage in that its analog and
digital interfaces are connected on opposite sides of the package.
This facilitates the use of ground planes that can be easily sepa-
rated, as shown in Figure 29. A minimum etch technique is
generally best for ground planes as it gives the best shielding.
Digital and analog ground planes should be joined in only one
place. If this connection is close to the device, it is recommended
to use a ferrite bead inductor as shown in Figure 29.


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