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AD7790 Datasheet(PDF) 14 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. AD7790
Description  Low Power, 16-Bit Buffered Sigma-Delta ADC
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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AD7790 Datasheet(HTML) 14 Page - Analog Devices

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AD7790
Data Sheet
Rev. A | Page 14 of 20
DIGITAL INTERFACE
As previously outlined, the AD7790’s programmable functions
are controlled using a set of on-chip registers. Data is written to
these registers via the part’s serial interface and read access to
the on-chip registers is also provided by this interface. All
communications with the part must start with a write to the
communications register. After power-on or reset, the device
expects a write to its communications register. The data written
to this register determines whether the next operation is a read
operation or a write operation and also determines to which
register this read or write operation occurs. Therefore, write
access to any of the other registers on the part begins with a
write operation to the communications register followed by a
write to the selected register. A read operation from any other
register (except when continuous read mode is selected) starts
with a write to the communications register followed by a read
operation from the selected register.
The AD7790’s serial interface consists of four signals: CS, DIN,
SCLK, and DOUT/RDY. The DIN line is used to transfer data
into the on-chip registers while DOUT/RDY is used for access-
ing from the on-chip registers. SCLK is the serial clock input for
the device and all data transfers (either on DIN or DOUT/RDY)
occur with respect to the SCLK signal. The DOUT/ RDY pin
operates as a Data Ready signal also, the line going low when a
new data-word is available in the output register. It is reset high
when a read operation from the data register is complete. It also
goes high prior to the updating of the data register to indicate
when not to read from the device to ensure that a data read is
not attempted while the register is being updated. CS is used to
select a device. It can be used to decode the AD7790 in systems
where several components are connected to the serial bus.
Figure 3 and Figure 4 show timing diagrams for interfacing to
the AD7790 with CS being used to decode the part. Figure 3
shows the timing for a read operation from the AD7790’s output
shift register while Figure 4 shows the timing for a write opera-
tion to the input shift register. In all modes except continuous
read mode, it is possible to read the same word from the data
register several times even though the DOUT/RDY line returns
high after the first read operation. However, care must be taken
to ensure that the read operations have been completed before
the next output update occurs. In continuous read mode, the
data register can be read only once.
The serial interface can operate in 3-wire mode by tying CS low.
In this case, the SCLK, DIN, and DOUT/RDY lines are used to
communicate with the AD7790. The end of the conversion can
be monitored using the RDY bit in the status register. This
scheme is suitable for interfacing to microcontrollers. If CS is
required as a decoding signal, it can be generated from a port
pin. For microcontroller interfaces, it is recommended that
SCLK idles high between data transfers.
The AD7790 can be operated with CS being used as a frame
synchronization signal. This scheme is useful for DSP interfac-
es. In this case, the first bit (MSB) is effectively clocked out by
CS since CS would normally occur after the falling edge of
SCLK in DSPs. The SCLK can continue to run between data
transfers, provided the timing numbers are obeyed.
The serial interface can be reset by writing a series of 1s on the
DIN input. If a Logic 1 is written to the AD7790 line for at least
32 serial clock cycles, the serial interface is reset. This ensures
that in 3-wire systems, the interface can be reset to a known
state if the interface gets lost due to a software error or some
glitch in the system. Reset returns the interface to the state in
which it is expecting a write to the communications register.
This operation resets the contents of all registers to their power-
on values.
The AD7790 can be configured to continuously convert or to
perform a single conversion. See Figure 8 through Figure 10.


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