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TPS734XX Datasheet(PDF) 9 Page - Texas Instruments

Part No. TPS734XX
Description  250mA, Low Quiescent Current, Ultra-Low Noise, High PSRR Low-Dropout Linear Regulator
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Maker  TI1 [Texas Instruments]
Homepage  http://www.ti.com
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TPS734XX Datasheet(HTML) 9 Page - Texas Instruments

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Startup and Noise Reduction Capacitor
V =xV
N
OUT
11
V
mVRMS
(1)
Board Layout Recommendations to Improve
Transient Response
Internal Current Limit
Undervoltage Lock-Out (UVLO)
Shutdown
Minimum Load
Dropout Voltage
TPS734xx
www.ti.com ........................................................................................................................................ SBVS089F – DECEMBER 2007 – REVISED FEBRUARY 2009
optimize noise, equivalent series resistance of the
As with any linear regulator, PSRR and transient
output capacitor can be set to approximately 0.2
Ω.
response are degraded as (VIN – VOUT) approaches
This configuration maximizes phase margin in the
dropout.
This
effect
is
shown
in
the
Typical
control loop, reducing total output noise by up to
Characteristics section.
10%.
Noise can be referred to the feedback point (FB pin)
such that with CNR = 0.01µF, total noise is given
Fixed voltage versions of the TPS734xx use a
approximately by Equation 1:
quick-start circuit to fast-charge the noise reduction
capacitor, CNR, if present (see the Functional Block
Diagrams). This architecture allows the combination
of very low output noise and fast start-up times. The
The TPS73401 adjustable version does not have the
NR pin is high impedance so a low leakage CNR
noise-reduction pin available, so ultra-low noise
capacitor must be used; most ceramic capacitors are
operation is not possible. Noise can be minimized
appropriate in this configuration.
according to the above recommendations.
Note that for fastest startup, VIN should be applied
first, then the enable pin (EN) driven high. If EN is
tied to IN, startup is somewhat slower. Refer to the
PSRR and Noise Performance
Typical Characteristics section. The quick-start switch
To improve ac performance such as PSRR, output
is closed for approximately 135
µs. To ensure that
noise, and transient response, it is recommended that
CNR is fully charged during the quick-start time, a
the board be designed with separate ground planes
0.01
µF or smaller capacitor should be used.
for VIN and VOUT, with each ground plane connected
only at the GND pin of the device. In addition, the
ground connection for the bypass capacitor should
As with any regulator, increasing the size of the
connect directly to the GND pin of the device.
output capacitor reduces over/undershoot magnitude
but increases duration of the transient response. In
the adjustable version, adding CFB between OUT and
The TPS734xx internal current limit helps protect the
FB improves stability and transient response. The
regulator during fault conditions. During current limit,
transient response of the TPS734xx is enhanced by
the output sources a fixed amount of current that is
an active pull-down that engages when the output
largely independent of output voltage. For reliable
overshoots by approximately 5% or more when the
operation, the device should not be operated in
device is enabled. When enabled, the pull-down
current limit for extended periods of time.
device behaves like a 400
Ω resistor to ground.
The PMOS pass element in the TPS734xx has a
built-in body diode that conducts current when the
voltage at OUT exceeds the voltage at IN. This
The TPS734xx utilizes an undervoltage lock-out
current is not limited, so if extended reverse voltage
circuit to keep the output shut off until internal
operation is anticipated, external limiting may be
circuitry is operating properly. The UVLO circuit has a
appropriate.
de-glitch
feature
so
that
it
typically
ignores
undershoot transients on the input if they are less
than 50
µs duration.
The enable pin (EN) is active high and is compatible
with standard and low voltage TTL-CMOS levels.
When shutdown capability is not required, EN can be
The TPS734xx is stable and well-behaved with no
connected to IN.
output load. To meet the specified accuracy, a
minimum load of 1mA is required. Below 1mA at
junction temperatures near +125°C, the output can
drift up enough to cause the output pull-down to turn
The TPS734xx uses a PMOS pass transistor to
on. The output pull-down limits voltage drift to 5%
achieve low dropout. When (VIN – VOUT) is less than
typically
but
ground
current
could
increase
by
the dropout voltage (VDO), the PMOS pass device is
approximately 50
µA. In typical applications, the
in its linear region of operation and the input-to-output
junction cannot reach high temperatures at light loads
resistance is the RDS, ON of the PMOS pass element.
because there is no appreciable dissipated power.
Because the PMOS device behaves like a resistor in
The specified ground current would then be valid at
dropout,
VDO approximately scales with output
no load conditions in most applications.
current.
Copyright © 2007–2009, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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