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MCP1640T-ICHY Datasheet(PDF) 11 Page - Microchip Technology

Part No. MCP1640T-ICHY
Description  0.65V Start-up Synchronous Boost Regulator with True Output Disconnect or Input/Output Bypass Option
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Manufacturer  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Direct Link  http://www.microchip.com
Logo MICROCHIP - Microchip Technology

MCP1640T-ICHY Datasheet(HTML) 11 Page - Microchip Technology

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 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS22234A-page 11
MCP1640/B/C/D
4.0
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
4.1
Device Option Overview
The MCP1640/B/C/D family of devices is capable of
low start-up voltage and delivers high efficiency over a
wide load range for single cell, two cell, three cell
alkaline, NiMH, NiCd and single cell Li-Ion battery
inputs. A high level of integration lowers total system
cost, eases implementation and reduces board area.
The devices feature low start-up voltage, adjustable
output voltage, PWM/PFM mode operation, low IQ,
integrated synchronous switch, internal compensation,
low noise anti-ring control, inrush current limit and soft
start. There are two feature options for the MCP1640/
B/C/D family: PWM/PFM mode or PWM mode only,
and “true output disconnect” or input bypass.
4.1.1
PWM/PFM MODE OPTION
The MCP1640/C devices use an automatic switchover
from PWM to PFM mode for light load conditions to
maximize efficiency over a wide range of output
current. During PFM mode, higher peak current is used
to pump the output up to the threshold limit. While
operating in PFM or PWM mode, the P-Channel switch
is used as a synchronous rectifier, turning off when the
inductor current reaches 0 mA to maximize efficiency.
In PFM mode, a comparator is used to terminate
switching when the output voltage reaches the upper
threshold limit. Once switching has terminated, the
output voltage will decay or coast down. During this
period, very low IQ is consumed from the device and
input source, which keeps power efficiency high at light
load. The disadvantages of PWM/PFM mode are
higher output ripple voltage and variable PFM mode
frequency. The PFM mode frequency is a function of
input voltage, output voltage and load. While in PFM
mode, the boost converter pumps the output up at a
switching frequency of 500 kHz.
4.1.2
PWM MODE ONLY OPTION
The
MCP1640B/D
devices
disable
PFM
mode
switching, and operate only in PWM mode over the
entire load range. During periods of light load opera-
tion, the MCP1640B/D continues to operate at a con-
stant 500 kHz switching frequency keeping the output
ripple voltage lower than PFM mode. During PWM only
mode, the MCP1640B/D P-Channel switch acts as a
synchronous rectifier by turning off to prevent reverse
current flow from the output cap back to the input in
order to keep efficiency high. For noise immunity, the
N-Channel MOSFET current sense is blanked for
approximately 100 ns. With a typical minimum duty
cycle of 100 ns, the MCP1640B/D continues to switch
at a constant frequency under light load conditions.
Figure 2-12 represents the input voltage versus load
current for the pulse skipping threshold in PWM only
mode. At lighter loads, the MCP1640B/D devices begin
to skip pulses.
4.1.3
TRUE OUTPUT DISCONNECT
OPTION
The MCP1640/B devices incorporate a true output
disconnect feature. With the EN pin pulled low, the
output of the MCP1640/B is isolated or disconnected
from the input by turning off the integrated P-Channel
switch and removing the switch bulk diode connection.
This removes the DC path typical in boost converters,
which allows the output to be disconnected from the
input. During this mode, less than 1 µA of current is
consumed from the input (battery). True output discon-
nect does not discharge the output; the output voltage
is held up by the external COUT capacitance.
4.1.4
INPUT BYPASS OPTION
The MCP1640C/D devices incorporate the input
bypass shutdown option. With the EN input pulled low,
the output is connected to the input using the internal
P-Channel MOSFET. In this mode, the current draw
from the input (battery) is less than 1 µA with no load.
The Input Bypass mode is used when the input voltage
range is high enough for the load to operate in Sleep or
low IQ mode. When a higher regulated output voltage is
necessary to operate the application, the EN input is
pulled high enabling the boost converter.
TABLE 4-1:
PART NUMBER SELECTION
Part
Number
PWM/
PFM
PWM
True Dis
Bypass
MCP1640
X
X
MCP1640B
X
X
MCP1640C
X
X
MCP1640D
X
X


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