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MP2560 Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - Monolithic Power Systems

Part No. MP2560
Description  2.5A, 4MHz, 42V Step-Down Converter
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Maker  MPS [Monolithic Power Systems]
Homepage  http://www.monolithicpower.com
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MP2560 Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - Monolithic Power Systems

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MP2560 – 2.5A, 4MHz, 42V STEP-DOWN CONVERTER
MP2560 Rev. 1.2
www.MonolithicPower.com
12
1/25/2010
MPS Proprietary Information. Unauthorized Photocopy and Duplication Prohibited.
© 2010 MPS. All Rights Reserved.
The input capacitor (C1) can be electrolytic,
tantalum or ceramic. When using electrolytic or
tantalum capacitors, a small, high quality
ceramic capacitor, i.e. 0.1µF, should be placed
as close to the IC as possible. When using
ceramic capacitors, make sure that they have
enough capacitance to provide sufficient charge
to prevent excessive voltage ripple at input. The
input voltage ripple caused by capacitance can
be estimated by:
⎟⎟
⎜⎜
×
×
×
=
IN
OUT
IN
OUT
S
LOAD
IN
V
V
1
V
V
1
C
f
I
V
Output Capacitor
The output capacitor (C2) is required to
maintain the DC output voltage. Ceramic,
tantalum, or low ESR electrolytic capacitors are
recommended.
Low
ESR
capacitors
are
preferred to keep the output voltage ripple low.
The output voltage ripple can be estimated by:
⎟⎟
⎜⎜
×
×
+
×
⎟⎟
⎜⎜
×
×
=
2
C
f
8
1
R
V
V
1
L
f
V
V
S
ESR
IN
OUT
S
OUT
OUT
Where L is the inductor value and RESR is the
equivalent series resistance (ESR) value of the
output capacitor.
In the case of ceramic capacitors, the
impedance at the switching frequency is
dominated by the capacitance. The output
voltage ripple is mainly caused by the
capacitance. For simplification, the output
voltage ripple can be estimated by:
⎟⎟
⎜⎜
×
×
×
×
=
IN
OUT
2
S
OUT
OUT
V
V
1
2
C
L
f
8
V
∆V
In the case of tantalum or electrolytic capacitors,
the ESR dominates the impedance at the
switching frequency. For simplification, the
output ripple can be approximated to:
ESR
IN
OUT
S
OUT
OUT
R
V
V
1
L
f
V
∆V
×
⎟⎟
⎜⎜
×
×
=
The characteristics of the output capacitor also
affect the stability of the regulation system. The
MP2560 can be optimized for a wide range of
capacitance and ESR values.
Compensation Components
MP2560 employs current mode control for easy
compensation and fast transient response. The
system stability and transient response are
controlled through the COMP pin. COMP pin is
the output of the internal error amplifier. A
series capacitor-resistor combination sets a
pole-zero
combination
to
control
the
characteristics of the control system. The DC
gain of the voltage feedback loop is given by:
OUT
FB
VEA
CS
LOAD
VDC
V
V
A
G
R
A
×
×
×
=
Where AVEA is the error amplifier voltage gain,
200V/V;
GCS
is
the
current
sense
transconductance, 8A/V; RLOAD is the load
resistor value.
The system has two poles of importance. One
is due to the compensation capacitor (C3), the
output resistor of error amplifier. The other is
due to the output capacitor and the load resistor.
These poles are located at:
VEA
EA
1
P
A
3
C
2
G
f
×
×
π
=
LOAD
2
P
R
2
C
2
1
f
×
×
π
=
Where,
GEA
is
the
error
amplifier
transconductance, 60µA/V.
The system has one zero of importance, due to
the compensation capacitor (C3) and the
compensation resistor (R3). This zero is located
at:
3
R
3
C
2
1
f 1
Z
×
×
π
=
The system may have another zero of
importance, if the output capacitor has a large
capacitance and/or a high ESR value. The zero,
due to the ESR and capacitance of the output
capacitor, is located at:
ESR
ESR
R
2
C
2
1
f
×
×
π
=


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