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TOP254PN Datasheet(PDF) 7 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

Part No. TOP254PN
Description  Enhanced EcoSmart®, Integrated Off-Line Switcher with Advanced Feature Set and Extended Power Range
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Maker  POWERINT [Power Integrations, Inc.]
Homepage  http://www.powerint.com
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TOP254PN Datasheet(HTML) 7 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

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Rev. F 01/09
7
TOP252-262
www.powerint.com
PI-4713-021308
DC
Input
Voltage
+
-
DM
S
C
For R
IL = 12 k
I
LIMIT = 61%
CONTROL
RIL
See Figure 55b for other
resistor values (R
IL) to
select different I
LIMIT values.
For R
IL = 19 k
I
LIMIT = 37%
Figure 8.
P/G Package Externally Set Current Limit.
reduction, output overvoltage protection (OVP), external current
limit adjustment, remote ON/OFF and device reset. A
connection to SOURCE pin disables all functions on this pin
and makes TOPSwitch-HX operate in simple three terminal
mode (like TOPSwitch-II).
FREQUENCY (F) Pin (TOP254-258Y, and all E and L packages):
Input pin for selecting switching frequency 132 kHz if connected
to SOURCE pin and 66 kHz if connected to CONTROL pin.
The switching frequency is internally set for fixed 66 kHz
operation in the P, G, M package and TOP259YN, TOP260YN
and TOP261YN.
SIGNAL GROUND (G) Pin (TOP259YN, TOP260YN &
TOP261YN only):
Return for C pin capacitor and X pin resistor.
SOURCE (S) Pin:
Output MOSFET source connection for high voltage power
return. Primary side control circuit common and reference point.
TOPSwitch-HX Family Functional Description
Like TOPSwitch-GX, TOPSwitch-HX is an integrated switched
mode power supply chip that converts a current at the control
input to a duty cycle at the open drain output of a high voltage
power MOSFET. During normal operation the duty cycle of the
power MOSFET decreases linearly with increasing CONTROL
pin current as shown in Figure 9.
In addition to the three terminal TOPSwitch features, such as
the high voltage start-up, the cycle-by-cycle current limiting,
loop compensation circuitry, auto-restart and thermal
shutdown, the TOPSwitch-HX incorporates many additional
functions that reduce system cost, increase power supply
performance and design flexibility. A patented high voltage
CMOS technology allows both the high-voltage power MOSFET
and all the low voltage control circuitry to be cost effectively
integrated onto a single monolithic chip.
Three terminals, FREQUENCY, VOLTAGE-MONITOR, and
EXTERNAL CURRENT LIMIT (available in Y and E/L packages),
two terminals, VOLTAGE-MONITOR and EXTERNAL CURRENT
LIMIT (available in M package) or one terminal MULTI-FUNCTION
(available in P and G package) have been used to implement
some of the new functions. These terminals can be connected
to the SOURCE pin to operate the TOPSwitch-HX in a
TOPSwitch-like three terminal mode. However, even in this three
terminal mode, the TOPSwitch-HX offers many transparent
features that do not require any external components:
A fully integrated 17 ms soft-start significantly reduces or
eliminates output overshoot in most applications by sweeping
both current limit and frequency from low to high to limit the
peak currents and voltages during start-up.
A maximum duty cycle (DC
MAX) of 78% allows smaller input
storage capacitor, lower input voltage requirement and/or
higher power capability.
Multi-mode operation optimizes and improves the power
supply efficiency over the entire load range while maintaining
good cross regulation in multi-output supplies.
1.
2.
3.
Figure 9.
Control Pin Characteristics (Multi-Mode Operation).
PI-4645-041107
CONTROL
Current
CONTROL
Current
CONTROL
Current
I
COFF
I
C03
I
C02
I
C01
I
B
I
CD1
100
78
55
25
132
66
30
Slope = PWM Gain
(constant over load range)
Auto-Restart
Variable
Frequency
Mode
Low
Frequency
Mode
Multi-Cycle
Modulation
Jitter
Full Frequency Mode


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