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TOP254PN Datasheet(PDF) 27 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

Part No. TOP254PN
Description  Enhanced EcoSmart®, Integrated Off-Line Switcher with Advanced Feature Set and Extended Power Range
Download  48 Pages
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Maker  POWERINT [Power Integrations, Inc.]
Homepage  http://www.powerint.com
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TOP254PN Datasheet(HTML) 27 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

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Rev. F 01/09
27
TOP252-262
www.powerint.com
Figure 45b. TOPSwitch-HX Full Range EMI Scan (132 kHz With Jitter) With
Identical Circuitry and Conditions.
-20
-10
0
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50
60
70
80
0.15
1
10
30
Frequency (MHz)
EN55022B (QP)
EN55022B (AV)
EN55022B (QP)
EN55022B (AV)
-20
-10
0
-10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
0.15
1
10
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Frequency (MHz)
TOPSwitch-HX (with jitter)
Figure 45a. Fixed Frequency Operation Without Jitter.
Standby Consumption
Frequency reduction can significantly reduce power loss at light
or no load, especially when a Zener clamp is used. For very
low secondary power consumption, use a TL431 regulator for
feedback control. A typical TOPSwitch-HX circuit automatically
enters MCM mode at no load and the low frequency mode at
light load, which results in extremely low losses under no-load
or standby conditions.
High Power Designs
The TOPSwitch-HX family contains parts that can deliver up to
333 W. High power designs need special considerations.
Guidance for high power designs can be found in the Design
Guide for TOPSwitch-HX (AN-43).
TOPSwitch-HX Layout Considerations
The TOPSwitch-HX has multiple pins and may operate at
high power levels. The following guidelines should be
carefully followed.
Primary Side Connections
Use a single point (Kelvin) connection at the negative terminal of
the input filter capacitor for the TOPSwitch-HX SOURCE pin
and bias winding return. This improves surge capabilities by
returning surge currents from the bias winding directly to the
input filter capacitor. The CONTROL pin bypass capacitor
should be located as close as possible to the SOURCE and
CONTROL pins, and its SOURCE connection trace should not
be shared by the main MOSFET switching currents. All
SOURCE pin referenced components connected to the MULTI-
FUNCTION (M-pin), VOLTAGE MONITOR (V-pin) or EXTERNAL
CURRENT LIMIT (X-pin) pins should also be located closely
between their respective pin and SOURCE. Once again, the
SOURCE connection trace of these components should not be
shared by the main MOSFET switching currents. It is very
critical that SOURCE pin switching currents are returned to the
input capacitor negative terminal through a separate trace that
is not shared by the components connected to CONTROL,
MULTI-FUNCTION, VOLTAGE MONITOR or EXTERNAL
CURRENT LIMIT pins. This is because the SOURCE pin is also
the controller ground reference pin. Any traces to the M, V or X
pins should be kept as short as possible and away from the
DRAIN trace to prevent noise coupling. VOLTAGE MONITOR
resistors (R1 and R2 in Figures 46, 47, 48, R3 and R4 in
Figure 49, and R14 in Figure 50) should be located close to the
M or V pin to minimize the trace length on the M or V pin side.
Resistors connected to the M, V or X pin should be connected
as close to the bulk cap positive terminal as possible while
routing these connections away from the power switching
circuitry. In addition to the 47 μF CONTROL pin capacitor, a
high frequency bypass capacitor in parallel may be used for
better noise immunity. The feedback optocoupler output
should also be located close to the CONTROL and SOURCE
pins of TOPSwitch-HX.
Y-Capacitor
The Y-capacitor should be connected close to the secondary
output return pin(s) and the positive primary DC input pin of the
transformer.
Heat Sinking
The tab of the Y package (TO-220C) and E package (eSIP-7C)
and L package (eSIP-7F) are internally electrically tied to the
SOURCE pin. To avoid circulating currents, a heat sink
attached to the tab should not be electrically tied to any primary
ground/source nodes on the PC board. When using a
P (DIP-8), G (SMD-8) or M (DIP-10) package, a copper area
underneath the package connected to the SOURCE pins will
act as an effective heat sink. On double sided boards, topside
and bottom side areas connected with vias can be used to
increase the effective heat sinking area. In addition, sufficient
copper area should be provided at the anode and cathode
leads of the output diode(s) for heat sinking. In Figures 46 to 50
a narrow trace is shown between the output rectifier and output
filter capacitor. This trace acts as a thermal relief between the
rectifier and filter capacitor to prevent excessive heating of the
capacitor.


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