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ADSP-BF533 Datasheet(PDF) 12 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. ADSP-BF533
Description  Blackfin Embedded Processor
Download  64 Pages
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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ADSP-BF533 Datasheet(HTML) 12 Page - Analog Devices

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Rev. I
|
Page 12 of 64
|
August 2013
ADSP-BF531/ADSP-BF532/ADSP-BF533
Active Operating Mode—Moderate Power Savings
In the active mode, the PLL is enabled but bypassed. Because the
PLL is bypassed, the processor’s core clock (CCLK) and system
clock (SCLK) run at the input clock (CLKIN) frequency. DMA
access is available to appropriately configured L1 memories.
In the active mode, it is possible to disable the PLL through the
PLL control register (PLL_CTL). If disabled, the PLL must be
re-enabled before it can transition to the full-on or sleep modes.
Sleep Operating Mode—High Dynamic Power Savings
The sleep mode reduces dynamic power dissipation by disabling
the clock to the processor core (CCLK). The PLL and system
clock (SCLK), however, continue to operate in this mode. Typi-
cally an external event or RTC activity will wake up the
processor. When in the sleep mode, assertion of wakeup causes
the processor to sense the value of the BYPASS bit in the PLL
control register (PLL_CTL). If BYPASS is disabled, the proces-
sor will transition to the full-on mode. If BYPASS is enabled, the
processor will transition to the active mode.
When in the sleep mode, system DMA access to L1 memory is
not supported.
Deep Sleep Operating Mode—Maximum Dynamic Power
Savings
The deep sleep mode maximizes dynamic power savings by dis-
abling the clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and to all
synchronous peripherals (SCLK). Asynchronous peripherals,
such as the RTC, may still be running but cannot access internal
resources or external memory. This powered-down mode can
only be exited by assertion of the reset interrupt (RESET) or by
an asynchronous interrupt generated by the RTC. When in deep
sleep mode, an RTC asynchronous interrupt causes the proces-
sor to transition to the active mode. Assertion of RESET while
in deep sleep mode causes the processor to transition to the full-
on mode.
Hibernate State—Maximum Static Power Savings
The hibernate state maximizes static power savings by disabling
the voltage and clocks to the processor core (CCLK) and to all
the synchronous peripherals (SCLK). The internal voltage
regulator for the processor can be shut off by writing b#00 to
the FREQ bits of the VR_CTL register. In addition to disabling
the clocks, this sets the internal power supply voltage (VDDINT) to
0 V to provide the lowest static power dissipation. Any critical
information stored internally (memory contents, register con-
tents, etc.) must be written to a nonvolatile storage device prior
to removing power if the processor state is to be preserved.
Since VDDEXT is still supplied in this mode, all of the external
pins three-state, unless otherwise specified. This allows other
devices that may be connected to the processor to still have
power applied without drawing unwanted current. The internal
supply regulator can be woken up either by a real-time clock
wakeup or by asserting the RESET pin.
Power Savings
As shown in Table 5, the processors support three different
power domains. The use of multiple power domains maximizes
flexibility, while maintaining compliance with industry stan-
dards and conventions. By isolating the internal logic of the
processor into its own power domain, separate from the RTC
and other I/O, the processor can take advantage of dynamic
power management without affecting the RTC or other I/O
devices. There are no sequencing requirements for the various
power domains.
The power dissipated by a processor is largely a function of the
clock frequency of the processor and the square of the operating
voltage. For example, reducing the clock frequency by 25%
results in a 25% reduction in dynamic power dissipation, while
reducing the voltage by 25% reduces dynamic power dissipation
by more than 40%. Further, these power savings are additive, in
that if the clock frequency and supply voltage are both reduced,
the power savings can be dramatic.
The dynamic power management feature of the processor
allows both the processor’s input voltage (VDDINT) and clock fre-
quency (fCCLK) to be dynamically controlled.
The savings in power dissipation can be modeled using the
power savings factor and % power savings calculations.
The power savings factor is calculated as:
where the variables in the equation are:
fCCLKNOM is the nominal core clock frequency
fCCLKRED is the reduced core clock frequency
VDDINTNOM is the nominal internal supply voltage
VDDINTRED is the reduced internal supply voltage
Table 4. Power Settings
Mode
PLL
PLL
Bypassed
Core
Clock
(CCLK)
System
Clock
(SCLK)
Internal
Power
(VDDINT)
Full On
Enabled
No
Enabled
Enabled
On
Active
Enabled/
Disabled
Yes
Enabled
Enabled
On
Sleep
Enabled
Disabled Enabled
On
Deep
Sleep
Disabled
Disabled Disabled On
Hibernate Disabled
Disabled Disabled Off
Table 5. Power Domains
Power Domain
VDD Range
All internal logic, except RTC
VDDINT
RTC internal logic and crystal I/O
VDDRTC
All other I/O
VDDEXT
power savings factor
fCCLKRED
fCCLKNOM
---------------------
VDDINTRED
VDDINTNOM
--------------------------


2
tRED
tNOM
-----------
=


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