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ADE7752A Datasheet(PDF) 13 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. ADE7752A
Description  Polyphase Energy Metering IC with Pulse Output
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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ADE7752A Datasheet(HTML) 13 Page - Analog Devices

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ADE7752/ADE7752A
Rev. C | Page 13 of 24
This is the correct real power calculation.
()
(
n
n
n
O
β
t
ω
n
I
V
I
t
i
sin
2
0
×
×
+
=
=
)
(2)
INSTANTANEOUS
REAL POWER SIGNAL
INSTANTANEOUS
POWER SIGNAL
V
× I
2
× cos(60°)
V
× I
2
INSTANTANEOUS
POWER SIGNAL
INSTANTANEOUS REAL
POWER SIGNAL
60
°
CURRENT
CURRENT
VOLTAGE
0V
0V
VOLTAGE
where:
i(t) is the instantaneous current.
IO is the dc component.
In is the rms value of current harmonic n.
β is the phase angle of the current harmonic.
n
Using Equations 1 and 2, the real power, P, can be expressed in
terms of its fundamental real power (P1) and harmonic real
power (PH).
+ P
P = P1
H
where:
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
β
α
φ
φ
I
V
P
=
×
=
cos
(3)
Figure 16. DC Component of Instantaneous Power Signal
Conveys Real Power Information PF < 1
n
n
n
n
n
n
H
β
α
n
φ
φ
I
V
P
=
×
=
=
cos
1
(4)
NONSINUSOIDAL VOLTAGE AND CURRENT
The real power calculation method also holds true for nonsin-
usoidal current and voltage waveforms. All voltage and current
waveforms in practical applications have some harmonic
content. Using the Fourier Transform, instantaneous voltage
and current waveforms can be expressed in terms of their
harmonic content:
()
(
n
n
n
o
α
t
ω
n
V
V
t
v
+
×
×
+
=
=
sin
2
0
)
(1)
As can be seen from Equation 4, a harmonic real power compo-
nent is generated for every harmonic, provided that harmonic is
present in both the voltage and current waveforms. The power
factor calculation has been shown to be accurate in the case of a
pure sinusoid. Therefore, the harmonic real power must also
correctly account for power factor since it is made up of a series
of pure sinusoids.
Note that the input bandwidth of the analog inputs is 14 kHz
with a master clock frequency of 10 MHz.
where:
v(t) is the instantaneous voltage.
VO is the average value.
Vn is the rms value of voltage harmonic n.
α n is the phase angle of the voltage harmonic.


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