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UC3842BDG Datasheet(PDF) 11 Page - ON Semiconductor

Part No. UC3842BDG
Description  High Performance Current Mode Controllers
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Manufacturer  ONSEMI [ON Semiconductor]
Direct Link  http://www.onsemi.com
Logo ONSEMI - ON Semiconductor

UC3842BDG Datasheet(HTML) 11 Page - ON Semiconductor

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UC3842B, UC3843B, UC2842B, UC2843B
http://onsemi.com
11
Undervoltage Lockout
Two undervoltage lockout comparators have been
incorporated to guarantee that the IC is fully functional
before the output stage is enabled. The positive power
supply terminal (VCC) and the reference output (Vref) are
each monitored by separate comparators. Each has built−in
hysteresis to prevent erratic output behavior as their
respective thresholds are crossed. The VCC comparator
upper and lower thresholds are 16 V/10 V for the UCX842B,
and 8.4 V/7.6 V for the UCX843B. The Vref comparator
upper and lower thresholds are 3.6 V/3.4 V. The large
hysteresis and low startup current of the UCX842B makes
it ideally suited in off−line converter applications where
efficient bootstrap startup techniques are required
(Figure 35). The UCX843B is intended for lower voltage
DC−to−DC converter applications. A 36 V Zener is
connected as a shunt regulator from VCC to ground. Its
purpose is to protect the IC from excessive voltage that can
occur during system startup. The minimum operating
voltage (VCC) for the UCX842B is 11 V and 8.2 V for the
UCX843B.
These devices contain a single totem pole output stage that
was specifically designed for direct drive of power
MOSFETs. It is capable of up to
±1.0 A peak drive current
and has a typical rise and fall time of 50 ns with a 1.0 nF load.
Additional internal circuitry has been added to keep the
Output in a sinking mode whenever an undervoltage lockout
is active. This characteristic eliminates the need for an
external pull−down resistor.
The SOIC−14 surface mount package provides separate
pins for VC (output supply) and Power Ground. Proper
implementation will significantly reduce the level of
switching transient noise imposed on the control circuitry.
This becomes particularly useful when reducing the Ipk(max)
clamp level. The separate VC supply input allows the
designer added flexibility in tailoring the drive voltage
independent of VCC. A Zener clamp is typically connected
to this input when driving power MOSFETs in systems
where VCC is greater than 20 V. Figure 27 shows proper
power and control ground connections in a current−sensing
power MOSFET application.
Reference
The 5.0 V bandgap reference is trimmed to
±1.0%
tolerance at TJ = 25°C on the UC284XB, and ±2.0% on the
UC384XB. Its primary purpose is to supply charging current
to the oscillator timing capacitor. The reference has short−
circuit protection and is capable of providing in excess of
20 mA for powering additional control system circuitry.
Design Considerations
Do not attempt to construct the converter on
wire−wrap or plug−in prototype boards. High frequency
circuit layout techniques are imperative to prevent
pulse−width jitter. This is usually caused by excessive noise
pick−up imposed on the Current Sense or Voltage Feedback
inputs. Noise immunity can be improved by lowering circuit
impedances at these points. The printed circuit layout should
contain a ground plane with low−current signal and
high−current switch and output grounds returning on
separate paths back to the input filter capacitor. Ceramic
bypass capacitors (0.1
mF) connected directly to VCC, VC,
and Vref may be required depending upon circuit layout.
This provides a low impedance path for filtering the high
frequency noise. All high current loops should be kept as
short as possible using heavy copper runs to minimize
radiated EMI. The Error Amp compensation circuitry and
the converter output voltage divider should be located close
to the IC and as far as possible from the power switch and
other noise−generating components.
Current mode converters can exhibit subharmonic
oscillations when operating at a duty cycle greater than 50%
with continuous inductor current. This instability is
independent of the regulator’s closed loop characteristics
and is caused by the simultaneous operating conditions of
fixed frequency and peak current detecting. Figure 21A
shows the phenomenon graphically. At t0, switch
conduction begins, causing the inductor current to rise at a
slope of m1. This slope is a function of the input voltage
divided by the inductance. At t1, the Current Sense Input
reaches the threshold established by the control voltage.
This causes the switch to turn off and the current to decay at
a slope of m2, until the next oscillator cycle. The unstable
condition can be shown if a perturbation is added to the
control voltage, resulting in a small
DI (dashed line). With
a fixed oscillator period, the current decay time is reduced,
and the minimum current at switch turn−on (t2) is increased
by
DI + DI m2/m1. The minimum current at the next cycle
(t3) decreases to (DI + DI m2/m1) (m2/m1). This perturbation
is multiplied by m2/m1 on each succeeding cycle, alternately
increasing and decreasing the inductor current at switch
turn−on. Several oscillator cycles may be required before
the inductor current reaches zero causing the process to
commence again. If m2/m1 is greater than 1, the converter
will be unstable. Figure 21B shows that by adding an
artificial ramp that is synchronized with the PWM clock to
the control voltage, the
DI perturbation will decrease to zero
on succeeding cycles. This compensating ramp (m3) must
have a slope equal to or slightly greater than m2/2 for
stability. With m2/2 slope compensation, the average
inductor current follows the control voltage, yielding true
current mode operation. The compensating ramp can be
derived from the oscillator and added to either the Voltage
Feedback or Current Sense inputs (Figure 34).


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