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LT8697 Datasheet(PDF) 11 Page - Linear Dimensions Semiconductor

Part No. LT8697
Description  USB 5V 2.5A Output, 42V Input Synchronous Buck with Cable Drop Compensation
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Maker  LINEAR_DIMENSIONS [Linear Dimensions Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.lineardimensions.com
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LT8697 Datasheet(HTML) 11 Page - Linear Dimensions Semiconductor

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LT8697
11
8697p
For more information www.linear.com/LT8697
operaTion
The LT8697 is a monolithic, constant frequency, current
mode step-down DC/DC converter. An oscillator, with
frequency set using a resistor on the RT pin, turns on the
internal top power switch at the beginning of each clock
cycle. Current in the inductor then increases until the top
switch current comparator trips and turns off the switch.
The peak inductor current is controlled by the voltage on
the internal VC node. When the top power switch turns off,
thesynchronouspowerswitchturnsonuntilthenextclock
cycle begins or inductor current falls to zero. If overload
conditions result in more than 4.2A flowing through the
bottom switch, the next clock cycle will be delayed until
switch current returns to a safe level.
To control the output voltage, the LT8697’s error ampli-
fier servos the VC node by comparing the voltage on the
USB5V pin, divided down about 5:1, with an internal 0.97V
reference. When the load current increases, it causes a
reduction in the feedback voltage relative to the reference.
This differential error makes the error amplifier raise the
VC voltage which raises the top switch peak current limit.
The feedback process continues until the average induc-
tor current matches the new load current and the output
voltage is in regulation.
Toimplementcabledropcompensation,theLT8697drives
the RCBL pin to 20(VISP – VISN). Current sourced from
the RCBL pin is derived from the USB5V pin, creating an
outputoffsetabovethe5VUSB5VpinvoltagethroughRCDC
that is proportional to the load current and the RCDC/RCBL
resistorratio.Thisnegativeoutputimpedancecompensates
for resistive drops in wiring for remote loads.
The LT8697 error amp has two additional feedback paths
that can override the USB5V pin control of the VC node.
For output current limit, the voltage VISP – VISN across
the output current sense resistor is not allowed to exceed
the lower of 48mV or VICTRL/20. Also, the SYS pin limits
the output voltage to 5.8V. When regulation is determined
by either the output current limit or the SYS pin, USB5V
is not regulated to 5V and the output voltage falls below
its programmed value.
If the EN/UV pin is low, the LT8697 is shut down and
draws 1μA from the input. When the EN/UV pin is above
1V, the switching regulator will become active.
TheLT8697operatesinforcedcontinuousmode(FCM)for
fast transient response and full frequency operation over
a wide load range. If a clock is applied to the SYNC pin
the part will synchronize to the external clock frequency
and operate in FCM.
To improve efficiency across all loads, supply current
to internal circuitry is sourced from the SYS pin when
biased at 3.3V or above. Else, the internal circuitry will
draw current from VIN.
When in FCM the oscillator operates continuously and
positive SW transitions are aligned to the clock. Negative
inductor current is allowed. The LT8697 can sink current
from the output and return this charge to the input in this
mode, improving load step transient response. FCM is
disabled if the VIN pin is held above 29V or if the SYS pin
is held above 7.5V. When FCM is disabled in these ways,
negative inductor current is not allowed and the LT8697
skips SW cycles in light load conditions.
Comparators monitoring the USB5V pin voltage will pull
the PG pin low if the output voltage varies more than ±9%
(typical)fromthesetpoint,orifafaultconditionispresent.
The oscillator reduces the LT8697’s operating frequency
whenthevoltageattheSYSpinisbelow4V.Thisfrequency
foldback helps to control the inductor current when the
output voltage is lower than the programmed value during
start-up or overcurrent conditions.


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