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LM2731XMF_NOPB Datasheet(PDF) 13 Page - Texas Instruments

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Part No. LM2731XMF_NOPB
Description  LM2731 0.6/1.6 MHz Boost Converters With 22V Internal FET Switch in SOT-23
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Maker  TI1 [Texas Instruments]
Homepage  http://www.ti.com
Logo TI1 - Texas Instruments

LM2731XMF_NOPB Datasheet(HTML) 13 Page - Texas Instruments

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DUTY CYCLE (%) = [1 - EFF*(VIN / VOUT)]
0
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VIN = 5V
VIN = 3.3V
VIN = 2.7V
VIN = 3V
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DUTY CYCLE (%) = [1 - EFF*(VIN / VOUT)]
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
VIN = 5V
VIN = 3.3V
VIN = 2.7V
VIN = 3V
TI Confidential - NDA Restrictions
LM2731
www.ti.com
SNVS217F – MAY 2004 – REVISED NOVEMBER 2012
Using the equation:
V = L (di/dt)
(6)
We can then calculate the di/dt rate of the inductor which is found to be 0.45 A/µs during the ON time. Using
these facts, we can then show what the inductor current will look like during operation:
Figure 30. 10 µH Inductor Current, 5V–12V Boost (LM2731X)
During the 0.390 µs ON time, the inductor current ramps up 0.176A and ramps down an equal amount during the
OFF time. This is defined as the inductor “ripple current”. It can also be seen that if the load current drops to
about 33 mA, the inductor current will begin touching the zero axis which means it will be in discontinuous mode.
A similar analysis can be performed on any boost converter, to make sure the ripple current is reasonable and
continuous operation will be maintained at the typical load current values.
MAXIMUM SWITCH CURRENT
The maximum FET switch current available before the current limiter cuts in is dependent on duty cycle of the
application. This is illustrated in the graphs below which show typical values of switch current for both the "X" and
"Y" versions as a function of effective (actual) duty cycle:
Figure 31. Switch Current Limit vs Duty Cycle - "X"
Figure 32. Switch Current Limit vs Duty Cycle - "Y"
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
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