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QU80C186EC25 Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - Intel Corporation

Part # QU80C186EC25
Description  16-BIT HIGH-INTEGRATION EMBEDDED PROCESSORS
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Manufacturer  INTEL [Intel Corporation]
Direct Link  http://www.intel.com
Logo INTEL - Intel Corporation

QU80C186EC25 Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - Intel Corporation

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80C186EC188EC 80L186EC188EC
INTRODUCTION
Unless specifically noted
all references to the
80C186EC apply to the 80C188EC 80L186EC and
80L188EC References to pins that differ between
the 80C186EC80L186EC and the 80C188EC
80L188EC are given in parentheses The ‘‘L’’ in the
part number denotes low voltage operation Physi-
cally and functionally the ‘‘C’’ and ‘‘L’’ devices are
identical
The 80C186EC is one of the highest integration
members of the 186 Integrated Processor Family
Two serial ports are provided for services such as
interprocessor communication diagnostics and mo-
dem interfacing Four DMA channels allow for high
speed data movement as well as support of the on-
board serial ports A flexible chip select unit simpli-
fies memory and peripheral interfacing The three
general purpose timercounters can be used for a
variety of time measurement and waveform genera-
tion tasks A watchdog timer is provided to insure
system integrity even in the most hostile of environ-
ments Two 8259A compatible interrupt controllers
handle internal interrupts and up to 57 external in-
terrupt requests A DRAM refresh unit and 24 multi-
plexed IO ports round out the feature set of the
80C186EC
The future set of the 80C186EC meets the needs of
low-power
space-critical applications
Low-power
applications benefit from the static design of the
CPU and the integrated peripherals as well as low
voltage operation Minimum current consumption is
achieved by providing a powerdown mode that halts
operaton of the device and freezes the clock cir-
cuits Peripheral design enhancements ensure that
non-initialized peripherals consume little current
The 80L186EC is the 3V version of the 80C186EC
The 80L186EC is functionally identical to the
80C186EC
embedded
processor
Current
80C186EC users can easily upgrade their designs to
use the 80L186EC and benefit from the reduced
power consumption inherent in 3V operation
Figure 1 shows a block diagram of the 80C186EC
80C188EC The execution unit (EU) is an enhanced
8086 CPU core that includes dedicated hardware to
speed up effective address calculations enhanced
execution speed for multiple-bit shift and rotate in-
structions and for multiply and divide instructions
string move instructions that operate at full bus
bandwidth ten new instructions and fully static oper-
ation The bus interface unit (BIU) is the same as
that found on the original 186 family products ex-
cept the queue-status mode has been deleted and
buffer interface control has been changed to ease
system design timings An independent internal bus
is used for communication between the BIU and on-
chip peripherals
80C186EC CORE ARCHITECTURE
Bus Interface Unit
The 80C186EC core incorporates a bus controller
that generates local bus control signals In addition
it employs a HOLDHLDA protocol to share the local
bus with other bus masters
The bus controller is responsible for generating 20
bits of address read and write strobes bus cycle
status information and data (for write operations) in-
formation It is also responsible for reading data
from the local bus during a read operation A ready
input pin is provided to extend a bus cycle beyond
the minimum four states (clocks)
The bus controller also generates two control sig-
nals (DEN and DTR) when interfacing to external
transceiver chips This capability allows the addition
of transceivers for simple buffering of the multi-
plexed addressdata bus
Clock Generator
The 80C186EC provides an on-chip clock generator
for both internal and external clock generation The
clock generator features a crystal oscillator a divide-
by-two counter and three low-power operating
modes
The oscillator circuit is designed to be used with ei-
ther a parallel resonant fundamental or third-over-
tone mode crystal network Alternatively the oscilla-
tor circuit may be driven from an external clock
source Figure 2 shows the various operating modes
of the oscillator circuit
The crystal or clock frequency chosen must be twice
the required processor operating frequency due to
the internal divide-by-two counter This counter is
used to drive all internal phase clocks and the exter-
nal CLKOUT signal CLKOUT is a 50% duty cycle
processor clock and can be used to drive other sys-
tem components All AC timings are referenced to
CLKOUT
The following parameters are recommended when
choosing a crystal
Temperature Range
Application Specific
ESR (Equivalent Series Res)
40X max
C0 (Shunt Capacitance of Crystal)
70 pF max
CL (Load Capacitance)
20 pF g2pF
Drive Level
1 mW (max)
4


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