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74F403A Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - Fairchild Semiconductor

Part No. 74F403A
Description  First-In First-Out (FIFO) Buffer Memory
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Maker  FAIRCHILD [Fairchild Semiconductor]
Homepage  http://www.fairchildsemi.com
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74F403A Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - Fairchild Semiconductor

 
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EXPANSION
Vertical Expansion— The 74F403A may be vertically
expanded to store more words without external parts. The
interconnection is necessary to form a 46-word by 4-bit
FIFO are shown in Figure 4. Using the same technique,
and FIFO of (15n
+ 1)-words by 4-bits can be constructed,
where n is the number of devices. Note that expansion
does not sacrifice any of the 74F403A’s flexibility for serial/
parallel input and output.
FIGURE 4. A Vertical Expansion Scheme
Horizontal and Vertical Expansion— The 74F403A can
be expanded in both the horizontal and vertical directions
without any external parts and without sacrificing any of its
FIFO’s flexibility for serial/parallel input and output. The
interconnections necessary to form a 31-word by 16-bit
FIFO are shown in Figure 6. Using the same technique,
any FIFO of (15m
+ 1)-words by (4n)-bits can be con-
structed, where m is the number of devices in a column
and n is the number of devices in a row. Figure 7 and Fig-
ure 8 show the timing diagrams for serial data entry and
extraction for the 31-word by 16-bit FIFO shown in Figure
6. The final position of data after serial insertion of 496 bits
into the FIFO array of Figure 6 is shown in Figure 9.
Interlocking Circuitry— Most conventional FIFO designs
provide status signals analogous to IRF and ORE. How-
ever, when these devices are operated in arrays, variations
in unit to unit operating speed require external gating to
assure all devices have completed an operation. The
74F403A incorporates simple but effective “master/slave”
interlocking circuitry to eliminate the need for external gat-
ing.
In the 74F403A array of Figure 6 devices 1 and 5 are
defined as “row masters” and the other devices are slaves
to the master in their row. No slave in a given row will initial-
ize its Input Register until it has received LOW on its IES
input from a row master or a slave of higher priority.
In a similar fashion, the ORE outputs of slaves will not go
HIGH until their OES inputs have gone HIGH.This inter-
locking scheme ensures that new input data may be
accepted by the array when the IRF output of the final
slave in that row goes HIGH and that output data for the
array may be extracted when the ORE of the final slave in
the output row goes HIGH.
The row master is established by connecting its IES input
to ground while a slave receives its IES input from the IRF
output of the next higher priority device. When an array of
74F403A FIFOs is initialized with a LOW on the MR inputs
of all devices, the IRF outputs of all devices will be HIGH.
Thus, only the row master receives a LOW on the IES input
during initialization. Figure 10 is a conceptual logic diagram
of the internal circuitry which determines master/slave
operation. Whenever MR and IES are LOW, the Master
Latch is set. Whenever TTS goes LOW the Request Initial-
ization Flip-Flop will be set. If the Master Latch is HIGH, the
Input Register will be immediately initialized and the
Request Initialization Flip-Flop reset. If the Master Latch is
reset, the Input Register is not initialized until IES goes
LOW. In array operation, activating the TTS initiates a rip-
ple input register initialization from the row master to the
last slave.
A similar operation takes place for the output register.
Either a TOS or TOP input initiates a load-from-stack oper-
ation and sets the ORE Request Flip-Flop. If the Master
Latch is set, the last Output Register Flip-Flop is set and
ORE goes HIGH. If the Master Latch is reset, the ORE out-
put will be LOW until an OES input is received.


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