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AD1877 Datasheet(PDF) 10 Page - Analog Devices

Part No. AD1877
Description  Single-Supply 16-Bit Stereo ADC
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Maker  AD [Analog Devices]
Homepage  http://www.analog.com
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AD1877 Datasheet(HTML) 10 Page - Analog Devices

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AD1877
REV. A
–10–
S/
M RLJUST
MSBDLY
WCLK
BCLK
L
RCK
Serial Port Operation Mode
1
1
1
Output
Input
Input
Slave Mode. WCLK frames the data. The MSB is output on the
17th BCLK cycle. Provides right-justified data in slave mode
with a 64
× F
S BCLK frequency. See Figure 7.
1
1
0
Input
Input
Input
Slave Mode. The MSB is output in the BCLK cycle after
WCLK is detected HI. WCLK is sampled on the BCLK active
edge, with the MSB valid on the next BCLK active edge. Tying
WCLK HI results in I
2S-justified data. See Figure 8.
1
0
1
Output
Input
Input
Slave Mode. Data left-justified with WCLK framing the data.
WCLK rises immediately after an L
RCK transition. The MSB is
valid on the first BCLK active edge. See Figure 9.
1
0
0
Output
Input
Input
Slave Mode. Data I2S-justified with WCLK framing the data.
WCLK rises in the second BCLK cycle after an L
RCK transi-
tion. The MSB is valid on the second BCLK active edge. See
Figure 10.
0
1
1
Output
Output
Output
Master Mode. Data right-justified. WCLK frames the data,
going HI in the 17th BCLK cycle. BCLK frequency = 64
× F
S.
See Figure 11.
0
1
0
Output
Output
Output
Master Mode. Data right-justified + 1. WCLK is pulsed in the
17th BCLK cycle, staying HI for only 1 BCLK cycle. BCLK
frequency = 64
× FS. See Figure 12.
0
0
1
Output
Output
Output
Master Mode. Data left-justified. WCLK frames the data.
BCLK frequency = 64
× F
S. See Figure 13.
0
0
0
Output
Output
Output
Master Mode. Data I
2S-justified. WCLK frames the data.
BCLK frequency = 64
× F
S. See Figure 14.
Serial Port Data Timing Sequences
The RDEDGE input (Pin 6) selects the bit clock (BCLK) polarity.
RDEDGE HI causes data to be transmitted on the BCLK falling
edge and valid on the BCLK rising edge; RDEDGE LO causes
data to be transmitted on the BCLK rising edge and valid on
the BCLK falling edge. This is shown in the serial data output
timing diagrams. The term “sampling” is used generically to
denote the BCLK edge (rising or falling) on which the serial
data is valid. The term “transmitting” is used to denote the
other BCLK edge. The S/
M input (Pin 7) selects slave mode (S/
M HI) or master mode (S/M LO). Note that in slave mode,
BCLK may be continuous or gated (i.e., a stream of pulses dur-
ing the data phase followed by periods of inactivity between
channels).
In the master modes, the bit clock (BCLK), the left/right clock
(L
RCK), and the word clock (WCLK) are always outputs, gen-
erated internally in the AD1877 from the master clock (CLKIN)
input. In master mode, a L
RCK cycle defines a 64-bit “frame.”
L
RCK is HI for a 32-bit “field” and LRCK is LO for a 32-bit
“field.”
In the slave modes, the bit clock (BCLK), and the left/right clock
(L
RCK) are user-supplied inputs. The word clock (WCLK) is an
internally generated output except when S/
M is HI, RLJUST is
HI, and
MSBDLY is LO, when it is a user-supplied input which
controls the data position. Note that the AD1877 does not sup-
port asynchronous operation in slave mode; the clocks (CLKIN,
L
RCK, BCLK and WCLK) must be externally derived from a
common source. In general, CLKIN should be divided down
externally to create L
RCK, BCLK and WCLK.
In the slave modes, the relationship between L
RCK and BCLK
is not fixed, to the extent that there can be an arbitrary number
of BCLK cycles between the end of the data transmission and
the next L
RCK transition. The slave mode timing diagrams are
therefore simplified as they show precise 32-bit fields and 64-bit
frames.
In two slave modes, it is possible to pack two 16-bit samples in
a single 32-bit frame, as shown in Figures 15 and 16. BCLK,
L
RCK, DATA and TAG operate at one half the frequency
(twice the period) as in the 64-bit frame modes. This 32-bit
frame mode is enabled by pulsing the L
RCK HI for a minimum
of one BCLK period to a maximum of sixteen BCLK periods.
The L
RCK HI for one BCLK period case is shown in Figures
15 and 16. With a one or two BCLK period HI pulse on
L
RCK, note that both the left and right TAG bits are output
immediately, back-to-back. With a three to sixteen BCLK period
HI pulse on L
RCK, the left TAG bits are followed by one to
fourteen “dead” cycles (i.e., zeros) followed by the right TAG
bits. Also note that WCLK stays HI continuously when the
AD1877 is in the 32-bit frame mode. Figure 15 illustrates the
left-justified case, while Figure 16 illustrates the I
2S-justified case.
In all modes, the left and right channel data is updated with the
next sample within the last 1/8 of the current conversion cycle (i.e.,
within the last 4 BCLK cycles in 32-bit frame mode, and within
the last 8 BCLK cycles in 64-bit frame mode). The user must
constrain the output timing such that the MSB of the right channel
is read before the final 1/8 of the current conversion period.


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