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CLRC663 Datasheet(PDF) 35 Page - NXP Semiconductors

Part No. CLRC663
Description  Contactless reader IC
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Maker  NXP [NXP Semiconductors]
Homepage  http://www.nxp.com
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CLRC663 Datasheet(HTML) 35 Page - NXP Semiconductors

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CLRC663
All information provided in this document is subject to legal disclaimers.
© NXP B.V. 2012. All rights reserved.
Product data sheet
COMPANY PUBLIC
Rev. 3.3 — 3 April 2012
171133
35 of 132
NXP Semiconductors
CLRC663
Contactless reader IC
8.5
Buffer
8.5.1 Overview
An 512
 8-bit FIFO buffer is implemented in the CLRC663. It buffers the input and output
data stream between the host and the internal state machine of the CLRC663. Thus, it is
possible to handle data streams with lengths of up to 512 bytes without taking timing
constraints into account. The FIFO can also be limited to a size of 255 byte. In this case all
the parameters (FIFO length, Watermark...) require a single byte only for definition. In
case of a 512 byte FIFO length the definition of this values requires 2 bytes.
8.5.2 Accessing the FIFO buffer
When the
-Controller starts a command, the CLRC663 may, while the command is in
progress, access the FIFO-buffer according to that command. Physically only one
FIFO-buffer is implemented, which can be used in input and output direction. Therefore
the
-Controller has to take care, not to access the FIFO buffer in a way that corrupts the
FIFO data.
8.5.3 Controlling the FIFO buffer
Besides writing to and reading from the FIFO buffer, the FIFO-buffer pointers might be
reset by setting the bit FIFOFlush in FIFOControl to 1. Consequently, the FIFOLevel bits
are set to logic 0, the actually stored bytes are not accessible any more and the FIFO
buffer can be filled with another 512 bytes (or 255 bytes if the bit FIFOSize is set to 1)
again.
8.5.4 Status Information about the FIFO buffer
The host may obtain the following data about the FIFO-buffers status:
Number of bytes already stored in the FIFO-buffer. Writing increments, reading
decrements the FIFO level: FIFOLength in register FIFOLength (and FIFOControl
Register in 512 byte mode)
Warning, that the FIFO-buffer is almost full: HiAlert in register FIFOControl according
to the value of the water level in register WaterLevel (Register 02h bit [2], Register
03h bit[7:0])
Warning, that the FIFO-buffer is almost empty: LoAlert in register FIFOControl
according to the value of the water level in register WaterLevel (Register 02h bit [2],
Register 03h bit[7:0])
FIFOOvl bit indicates, that bytes were written to the FIFO buffer although it was
already full: ErrIrq in register Irq0.
WaterLevel is one single value defining both HiAlert (counting from the FIFO top) and
LoAlert (counting from the FIFO bottom). The CLRC663 can generate an interrupt signal
if:
LoAlertIRQEn in register IRQ0En is set to logic 1 it will activate pin IRQ when LoAlert
in the register FIFOControl changes to 1.
HiAlertIRQEN in register IRQ0En is set to logic 1 it will activate pin IRQ when HiAlert
in the register FIFOControl changes to 1.


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