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71M6534 Datasheet(PDF) 37 Page - Maxim Integrated Products

Part No. 71M6534
Description  Exceeds IEC 62053/ANSI C12.20 Standards
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Maker  MAXIM [Maxim Integrated Products]
Homepage  http://www.maxim-ic.com
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71M6534 Datasheet(HTML) 37 Page - Maxim Integrated Products

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FDS_6533_6534_004
71M6533/G/H and 71M6534/H Data Sheet
Rev 2
37
1.5 On-Chip Resources
1.5.1 Oscillator
The 71M6533/71M6534 oscillator drives a standard 32.768 kHz watch crystal. These crystals are accurate
and do not require a high-current oscillator circuit. The oscillator has been designed specifically to handle
these crystals and is compatible with their high impedance and limited power handling capability. The
oscillator power dissipation is very low to maximize the lifetime of any battery attached to VBAT.
Oscillator calibration can improve the accuracy of both the RTC and metering. Refer to Section 1.5.3
Real-Time Clock (RTC) for more information.
The oscillator is powered directly and only from VBAT, which therefore must be connected to a DC voltage
source. The oscillator requires approximately 100 nA, which is negligible compared to the internal leakage
of a battery.
The oscillator may appear to work when VBAT is not connected, but this mode of operation is not
recommended.
If VBAT is connected to a drained battery or disconnected, a battery test that sets BME may drain
VBAT’s supply and cause the oscillator to stop. A stopped oscillator may force the device to reset.
Therefore, an unexpected reset during a battery test should be interpreted as a battery failure.
1.5.2 PLL and Internal Clocks
Timing for the device is derived from the 32.768 kHz crystal oscillator output. On-chip timing functions
include:
The MPU clock (CKMPU)
The emulator clock (2 x CKMPU)
The clock for the CE (CKCE)
The clock driving the delta-sigma ADC along with the FIR (CKADC, CKFIR)
A real time clock (RTC).
The two general-purpose counter/timers contained in the MPU are controlled by CKMPU (see Timers and
Counters). Table 37 provides a summary of the clock functions provided.
Table 37: Clock System Summary
Clock
Derived
From
MCK Divider / [M40MHZ, M26MHZ]
Brownout Mode
÷
2 / [1,0]
÷
3 / [0,1]
÷
4** / [0,0]
32 kHz
CKPLL
Crystal
78.6432 MHz
78.6432 MHz
78.6432 MHz
Off
MCK
CKPLL
39.3216 MHz
26.2144 MHz
19.6608 MHz
112 kHz
CKCE
MCK
4.9152
MHz
9.8304
MHz
6.5536 MHz
4.9152 MHz
Off
CKADC / CKFIR
MCK
4.9152 MHz
6.5536 MHz
4.9152 MHz
28 kHz
CKMPU maximum
MCK
9.8304 MHz***
6.5536 MHz *** 4.9152 MHz ***
28 kHz
CK32
MCK
32.768 kHz
32.768 kHz
32.768 kHz
** Default state at power-up
*** This is the maximum CKMPU frequency. CKMPU can be reduced from this rate using MPU_DIV[2:0].
CKCE = 9.8304 MHz when CE10MHZ is set, 4.9152 MHz otherwise.
The master clock, MCK, is generated by an on-chip PLL that multiplies the crystal oscillator output frequency
(CK32) by 2400 to provide 80 MHz (78.6432 MHz). A divider controlled by the I/O RAM registers
M40MHZ and M26MHZ permits scaling of MCK by ½, ⅓, and ¼. All other clocks are derived from this
scaled MCK output (making them multiples of 32768 Hz), and the clock skew is matched so that the rising
edges of CKADC, CKCE, CK32, and CKMPU are aligned.


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