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ISL6532ACR Datasheet(PDF) 11 Page - Intersil Corporation

Part No. ISL6532ACR
Description  ACPI Regulator/Controller for Dual Channel DDR Memory Systems
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Maker  INTERSIL [Intersil Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.intersil.com/cda/home
Logo INTERSIL - Intersil Corporation

ISL6532ACR Datasheet(HTML) 11 Page - Intersil Corporation

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11
FN9099.5
May 5, 2008
internal soft-start cycle initiates a normal soft-start ramp of
the output, at time T1. The output is brought back into
regulation by time T2 as long as the overcurrent event has
cleared.
Had the cause of the overcurrent still been present after the
delay interval, the overcurrent condition would be sensed
and the regulator would be shut down again for another
delay interval of three soft-start cycles. The resulting hiccup
mode style of protection would continue to repeat indefinitely.
The overcurrent function will trip at a peak inductor current
(IPEAK) determined by:
where IOCSET is the internal OCSET current source (20μA
typical). The OC trip point varies mainly due to the MOSFET
rDS(ON) variations. To avoid overcurrent tripping in the
normal operating load range, find the ROCSET resistor from
Equation 3 with:
1. The maximum rDS(ON) at the highest junction
temperature.
2. The minimum IOCSET from the specification table.
3. Determine IPEAK for:
,where
ΔI is
the output inductor ripple current.
For an equation for the ripple current, see the section under
component guidelines titled “Output Inductor Selection” on
page 14.
A small ceramic capacitor should be placed in parallel with
ROCSET to smooth the voltage across ROCSET in the
presence of switching noise on the input voltage.
Overvoltage and Undervoltage Protection
All three regulators are protected from faults through internal
Overvoltage and Undervoltage detection circuitry. If the any
rail falls below 85% of the targeted voltage, then an
undervoltage event is tripped. An undervoltage will disable
all three regulators for a period of 3 soft-start cycles, after
which a normal soft-start is initiated. If the output is still under
85% of target, the regulators will continue to be disabled and
soft-started in a hiccup mode until the fault is cleared. This
protection feature works much the same as the VDDQ PWM
overcurrent protection works. See Figure 3.
If the any rail exceeds 115% of the targeted voltage, then all
three outputs are immediately disabled. The ISL6532A will
not re-enable the outputs until either the bias voltage is
toggled in order to initiate a POR or the S5 signal is forced
LOW and then back to HIGH.
Thermal Protection (S0/S3 State)
If the ISL6532A IC junction temperature reaches a nominal
temperature of +140°C, all regulators will be disabled. The
ISL6532A will not re-enable the outputs until the junction
temperature drops below +110°C and either the bias voltage
is toggled in order to initiate a POR or the SLP_S5 signal is
forced LOW and then back to HIGH.
Shoot-Through Protection
A shoot-through condition occurs when both the upper and
lower MOSFETs are turned on simultaneously, effectively
shorting the input voltage to ground. To protect from a shoot-
through condition, the ISL6532A incorporates specialized
circuitry, which insures that complementary MOSFETs are
not ON simultaneously.
The adaptive shoot-through protection utilized by the VDDQ
regulator looks at the lower gate drive pin, LGATE, and the
upper gate drive pin, UGATE, to determine whether a
MOSFET is ON or OFF. If the voltage from UGATE or from
LGATE to GND is less than 0.8V, then the respective
MOSFET is defined as being OFF and the other MOSFET is
allowed to turned ON. This method allows the VDDQ
regulator to both source and sink current.
Since the voltage of the MOSFET gates are being measured
to determine the state of the MOSFET, the designer is
encouraged to consider the repercussions of introducing
external components between the gate drivers and their
respective MOSFET gates before actually implementing
such measures. Doing so may interfere with the shoot-
through protection.
TIME
T1
T0
T2
500mV/DIV
VDDQ
VAGP
VTT
FIGURE 3. VDDQ OVERCURRENT PROTECTION AND
VTT/VAGP LDO UNDER VOLTAGE PROTECTION
RESPONSES
INTERNAL SOFT-START FUNCTION
DELAY INTERVAL
I
PEAK
I
OCSET x ROCSET
r
DS ON
()
-----------------------------------------------------
=
(EQ. 3)
I
PEAK
I
OUT MAX
()
ΔI
()
2
----------
+
>
ISL6532A


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