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TYN256P Datasheet(PDF) 5 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

Part No. TYN256P
Description  Energy Efficient, Low Power Off-line Switcher
Download  20 Pages
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Maker  POWERINT [Power Integrations, Inc.]
Homepage  http://www.powerint.com
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TYN256P Datasheet(HTML) 5 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

 
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TNY256
5
power level at the lowest input voltage, the calculated inductance
will ramp up the current to the current limit before the DC
MAX
limit is reached.
Enable Function
TNY256 senses the EN/UV pin to determine whether or not to
proceed with the next switch cycle as described earlier. Once
a cycle is started, it always completes the cycle (even when the
EN/UV pin changes state half way through the cycle). This
operation results in a power supply whose output voltage ripple
is determined by the output capacitor, amount of energy per
switch cycle and the delay of the feedback.
The EN/UV pin signal is generated on the secondary by
comparing the power supply output voltage with a reference
voltage. The EN/UV pin signal is high when the power supply
output voltage is less than the reference voltage.
In a typical implementation, the EN/UV pin is driven by an
optocoupler. The collector of the optocoupler transistor is
connected to the EN/UV pin and the emitter is connected to the
SOURCE pin. The optocoupler LED is connected in series with
a Zener across the DC output voltage to be regulated. When the
output voltage exceeds the target regulation voltage level
(optocoupler diode voltage drop plus Zener voltage), the
optocoupler diode will start to conduct, pulling the EN/UV pin
low.
The Zener can be replaced by a TL431 device for
improved accuracy.
The EN/UV pin pull-down current threshold is nominally
50
µA, but is set to 40 µA the instant the threshold is exceeded.
This is reset back to 50
µA when the EN/UV pull-down current
drops below the current threshold of 40
µA.
ON/OFF Control
The internal clock of the TNY256 runs all the time. At the
beginning of each clock cycle, it samples the EN/UV pin to
decide whether or not to implement a switch cycle. If the EN/
UV pin is high (< 40
µA), then a switching cycle takes place. If
the EN/UV pin is low (greater than 50
µA) then no switching
cycle occurs, and the EN/UV pin status is sampled again at the
start of the subsequent clock cycle.
At full load, TNY256 will conduct during the majority of its
clock cycles (Figure6). At loads less than full load, it will
“skip” more cycles in order to maintain voltage regulation at the
secondary output. At light load or no load, almost all cycles will
be skipped (Figure7).
A small percentage of cycles will
conduct to support the power consumption of the power supply.
The response time of the TNY256 ON/OFF control scheme is
very fast compared to normal PWM control. This provides tight
regulation and excellent transient response.
Power Up/Down
The TNY256 requires only a 0.1
µF capacitor on the BYPASS
pin. Because of the small size of this capacitor, the power-up
delay is kept to an absolute minimum, typically 0.3 ms. Due to
the fast nature of the ON/OFF feedback, there is no overshoot
at the power supply output. When an external resistor (2 M
Ω)
is connected to the EN/UV pin, the power MOSFET switching
will be delayed during power-up until the DC line voltage
exceeds the threshold (100 V). Figures 8 and 9 illustrate the
power-up timing waveform of TNY256 in applications with
and without an external resistor (2 M
Ω) connected to the
EN/UV pin.
During power-down, when an external resistor is used, the
Figure 8. TNY256 Power-up With External Resistor (2 M
Ω)
Connected to EN/UV Pin.
Figure 9. TNY256 Power-up Without External Resistor Connected
to EN/UV Pin.
0
12
Time (ms)
0
200
400
5
0
10
0
100
200
V
DC-BUS
V
BYPASS
V
DRAIN
0
12
Time (ms)
0
200
400
5
0
10
0
100
200
V
DC-BUS
V
BYPASS
V
DRAIN


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