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TNY253 Datasheet(PDF) 2 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

Part No. TNY253
Description  TinySwitch Family Energy Efficient, Low Power Off-line Switchers
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Maker  POWERINT [Power Integrations, Inc.]
Homepage  http://www.powerint.com
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TNY253 Datasheet(HTML) 2 Page - Power Integrations, Inc.

 
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C
7/01
TNY253/254/255
2
Figure 2. Functional Block Diagram.
Figure 3. Pin Configuration.
Pin Functional Description
DRAIN (D) Pin:
Power MOSFET drain connection. Provides internal operating
current for both start-up and steady-state operation.
BYPASS (BP) Pin:
Connection point for an external bypass capacitor for the
internally generated 5.8V supply. Bypass pin is not intended
for sourcing supply current to external circuitry.
ENABLE (EN) Pin:
The power MOSFET switching can be terminated by pulling
this pin low. The I-V characteristic of this pin is equivalent to
a voltage source of approximately 1.5V with a source current
clamp of 50
µA.
SOURCE (S) Pin:
Power MOSFET source connection. Primary return.
TinySwitch Functional Description
TinySwitch is intended for low power off-line applications. It
combines a high voltage power MOSFET switch with a power
supply controller in one device. Unlike a conventional PWM
(Pulse Width Modulator) controller, the TinySwitch uses a
simple ON/OFF control to regulate the output voltage.
The TinySwitch controller consists of an Oscillator, Enable
(Sense and Logic) circuit, 5.8V Regulator, Under-Voltage
circuit, Hysteretic Over Temperature Protection, Current Limit
circuit, Leading Edge Blanking, and a 700V power MOSFET.
Figure 2 shows a functional block diagram with the most
important features.
Oscillator
The oscillator frequency is internally set at 44 kHz (130 kHz for
the TNY255). The two signals of interest are the Maximum
Duty Cycle signal (D
MAX) which runs at typically 67% duty
cycle and the Clock signal that indicates the beginning of each
cycle. When cycles are skipped (see below), the oscillator
frequency doubles (except for TNY255 which remains at
130kHz). This increases the sampling rate at the ENABLE pin
for faster loop response.
Enable (Sense and Logic)
The ENABLE pin circuit has a source follower input stage set
at 1.5V. The input current is clamped by a current source set
at 50
µA with 10 µA hysteresis. The output of the enable sense
PI-2197-061898
CLOCK
OSCILLATOR
5.8 V
5.1 V
SOURCE
S
R
Q
DCMAX
BYPASS
+
-
VI
LIMIT
LEADING
EDGE
BLANKING
THERMAL
SHUTDOWN
+
-
DRAIN
REGULATOR
5.8 V
UNDER-VOLTAGE
1.5 V + VTH
ENABLE
Q
50
µA
PI-2199-031501
ENABLE
8
5
7
6
DRAIN
SOURCE
SOURCE
SOURCE
1
4
2
3
SOURCE
SOURCE
BYPASS
P Package (DIP-8)
G Package (SMD-8)


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