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PIC18LF26J53 Datasheet(PDF) 88 Page - Microchip Technology

Part No. PIC18LF26J53
Description  28/44-Pin, High-Performance USB Microcontrollers with nanoWatt XLP Technology
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Maker  MICROCHIP [Microchip Technology]
Homepage  http://www.microchip.com
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PIC18LF26J53 Datasheet(HTML) 88 Page - Microchip Technology

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PIC18F47J53 FAMILY
DS39964B-page 88
Preliminary
 2010 Microchip Technology Inc.
6.3
Data Memory Organization
The data memory in PIC18 devices is implemented as
static RAM. Each register in the data memory has a
12-bit address, allowing up to 4096 bytes of data
memory. The memory space is divided into as many as
16 banks that contain 256 bytes each. The
PIC18F47J53 family implements all available banks
and provides 3.8 Kbytes of data memory available to
the user. Figure 6-6 provides the data memory
organization for the devices.
The data memory contains Special Function Registers
(SFRs) and General Purpose Registers (GPRs). The
SFRs are used for control and status of the controller
and peripheral functions, while GPRs are used for data
storage and scratchpad operations in the user’s
application. Any read of an unimplemented location will
read as ‘0’s.
The instruction set and architecture allow operations
across all banks. The entire data memory may be
accessed by Direct, Indirect or Indexed Addressing
modes. Addressing modes are discussed later in this
section.
To ensure that commonly used registers (select SFRs
and select GPRs) can be accessed in a single cycle,
PIC18 devices implement an Access Bank. This is a
256-byte memory space that provides fast access to
select SFRs and the lower portion of GPR Bank 0 with-
out using the BSR. Section 6.3.3 “Access Bank”
provides a detailed description of the Access RAM.
6.3.1
USB RAM
All 3.8 Kbytes of the GPRs implemented on the
PIC18F47J53 family devices can be accessed simulta-
neously by both the microcontroller core and the Serial
Interface Engine (SIE) of the USB module. The SIE
uses a dedicated USB DMA engine to store any
incoming data packets (OUT/SETUP) directly into the
main system data memory.
For IN data packets, the SIE can directly read the
contents of general purpose SRAM and uses it to
create USB data packets that are sent to the host.
SRAM Bank 13 (D00h-DFFh) is unique. In addition to
being accessible by both the microcontroller core and
the USB module, the SIE uses a portion of Bank 13 as
Special Function Registers (SFRs). These SFRs
compose the Buffer Descriptor Table (BDT).
When the USB module is enabled, the BDT registers
are used to control the behavior of the USB DMA oper-
ation for each of the enabled endpoints. The exact
number of SRAM locations that are used for the BDT
depends on how many endpoints are enabled and what
USB Ping-Pong mode is used. For more details, see
Section 23.3 “USB RAM”.
When the USB module is disabled, these SRAM loca-
tions behave like any other GPR location. When the
USB module is disabled, these locations may be used
for any general purpose.
Note:
The operation of some aspects of data
memory are changed when the PIC18
extended instruction set is enabled. See
Section 6.6 “Data Memory and the
Extended Instruction Set” for more
information.
Note:
IN and OUT are always from the USB
host's perspective.


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