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X9C102 Datasheet(PDF) 3 Page - Xicor Inc.

Part No. X9C102
Description  E2POT™ Nonvolatile Digital Potentiometer
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Manufacturer  XICOR [Xicor Inc.]
Direct Link  http://www.xicor.com
Logo XICOR - Xicor Inc.

X9C102 Datasheet(HTML) 3 Page - Xicor Inc.

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There are three sections of the X9C102/103/104/503:
the input control, counter and decode section; the non-
volatile memory; and the resistor array. The input control
section operates just like an up/down counter. The
output of this counter is decoded to turn on a single
electronic switch connecting a point on the resistor array
to the wiper output. Under the proper conditions the
contents of the counter can be stored in nonvolatile
memory and retained for future use. The resistor array
is comprised of 99 individual resistors connected in
series. At either end of the array and between each
resistor is an electronic switch that transfers the
potential at that point to the wiper.
INC, U/D and CS inputs control the movement of the
wiper along the resistor array. With
CS set LOW the
X9C102/103/104/503 is selected and enabled to
respond to the U/
D and INC inputs. HIGH to LOW
transitions on
INC will increment or decrement
(depending on the state of the U/
D input) a seven-bit
counter. The output of this counter is decoded to
select one of one-hundred wiper positions along the
resistive array.
The wiper, when at either fixed terminal, acts like its
mechanical equivalent and does not move beyond the
last position. That is, the counter does not wrap around
when clocked to either extreme.
The value of the counter is stored in nonvolatile memory
CS transistions HIGH while the INC input is
also HIGH.
When the X9C102/103/104/503 is powered-down, the
last counter position stored will be maintained in the
nonvolatile memory. When power is restored, the con-
tents of the memory are recalled and the counter is reset
to the value last stored.
The system may select the X9C102/103/104/503, move
the wiper, and deselect the device without having to
store the latest wiper, position in nonvolatile memory.
The wiper movement is performed as described above;
once the new position is reached, the system would the
INC LOW while taking CS HIGH. The new wiper
position would be maintained until changed by the
system or until a power-down/up cycle recalled the
previously stored data.
This would allow the system to always power-up to a
preset value stored in nonvolatile memory; then during
system operation minor adjustments could be made.
The adjustments might be based on user preference:
system parameter changes due to temperature drift,
The state of U/
D may be changed while CS remains
LOW. This allows the host system to enable the
X9C102/103/104/503 and then move the wiper up and
down until the proper trim is attained.
The electronic switches on the X9C102/103/104/503
operate in a “make before break” mode when the wiper
changes tap positions. If the wiper is moved several
positions, multiple taps are connected to the wiper for
tIW (INC to VW change). The RTOTAL value for the device
can temporarily be reduced by a significant amount
if the wiper is moved several positions.
RTOTAL with VCC Removed
The end to end resistance of the array will fluctuate once
VCC is removed.
Must be
Will be
May change
from LOW
Will change
from LOW
May change
from HIGH
to LOW
Will change
from HIGH
to LOW
Don’t Care:
State Not
Center Line
is High

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