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MC33596 Datasheet(PDF) 7 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

Part No. MC33596
Description  PLL Tuned UHF Receiver for Data Transfer Applications
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Maker  FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc]
Homepage  http://www.freescale.com
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MC33596 Datasheet(HTML) 7 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

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Receiver Functional Description
MC33596 Data Sheet, Rev. 4
Freescale Semiconductor
7
7
Receiver Functional Description
The receiver is based on a superheterodyne architecture with an intermediate frequency IF (see Figure 1).
Its input is connected to the RFIN pin. Frequency down conversion is done by a high-side injection I/Q
mixer driven by the frequency synthesizer. An integrated poly-phase filter performs rejection of the image
frequency.
The low intermediate frequency allows integration of the IF filter providing the selectivity. The IF Filter
center frequency is tuned by automatic frequency control (AFC) referenced to the crystal oscillator
frequency.
Sensitivity is met by an overall amplification of approximately 96 dB, distributed over the reception chain,
comprising low-noise amplifier (LNA), mixer, post-mixer amplifier, and IF amplifier. Automatic gain
control (AGC), on the LNA and the IF amplifier, maintains linearity and prevents internal saturation.
Sensitivity can be reduced using four programmable steps on the LNA gain.
Amplitude demodulation is achieved by peak detection. Frequency demodulation is achieved in two steps:
the IF amplifier AGC is disabled and acts as an amplitude limiter; a filter performs a frequency-to-voltage
conversion. The resulting signal is then amplitude demodulated in the same way as in the case of amplitude
modulation with an adaptive voltage reference.
A low-pass filter improves the signal-to-noise ratio of demodulated data. A data slicer compares
demodulated data with a fixed or adaptive voltage reference and provides digital level data.
This digital data is available if the integrated data manager is not used.
If used, the data manager performs clock recovery and decoding of Manchester coded data. Data and clock
are then available on the serial peripheral interface (SPI). The configuration sets the data rate range
managed by the data manager and the bandwidth of the low-pass filter.
An internal low-frequency oscillator can be used as a strobe oscillator to perform an automatic wakeup
sequence.
It is also possible to define two different configurations for the receiver (frequency, data rate, data manager,
modulation, etc.) that are automatically loaded during wakeup or under MCU control.
If the PLL goes out of lock, received data is ignored.
8
Frequency Planning
8.1
Clock Generator
All clocks running in the circuit are derived from the reference frequency provided by the crystal oscillator
(frequency fref, period tref). The crystal frequency is chosen in relation to the band in which the MC33596
has to operate. Table 4 shows the value of the CF bits.


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