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VB027SP Datasheet(PDF) 4 Page - STMicroelectronics

Part No. VB027SP
Description  HIGH VOLTAGE IGNITION COIL DRIVER POWER I.C.
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Maker  STMICROELECTRONICS [STMicroelectronics]
Homepage  http://www.st.com
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VB027SP Datasheet(HTML) 4 Page - STMicroelectronics

   
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VB027SP
1
PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
The VB027SP is mainly intended as high voltage power
switch device driven by a logic level input and interfaces
directly to a high energy electronic ignition coil.
The input VIN of the VB027SP is fed from a low power
signal generated by an external controller that determines
both dwell time and ignition point. During VIN high (≥4V)
the VB027SP increases current in the coil to the desired,
internally set current level.
When the collector current exceeds 4.5A, the diagnostic
signal is turned high and it remains so, until the load
current reaches 5.8A (second threshold). At that value,
the diagnostic signal is turned low, and the
µC forces the
VIN to the low state. During the coil current switch-off, the
primary voltage HVC is clamped by a series of Zener
diodes at an internally set value Vcl, typically 360V.
The collector current sensed through the Rsense, is limited
thanks to the “Current limiter” block that, as soon as the Icl
level is reached, forces the darlington (using the “Driver”
block) to limit the current provided.
The transition from saturation to desaturation, coil current
limiting phase, must have the ability to accommodate an
overvoltage. A maximum overshoot of 20V is allowed.
There can be some short period of time in which the
output pin (HVC) is pulled below ground by a negative
current
due
to
leakage
inductances
and
stray
capacitances of the ignition coil. This can cause parasitic
glitches on the diagnostic output. VB027SP has a built-in
protection circuit that allows to lock the p-buried layer
potential of the linear stage to the collector power, when
the last one is pulled underground.
THERMAL BEHAVIOUR
You can see in the block diagram of the VB027SP a box
called overtemperature protection. The purpose of this
circuit is to shift the current level at which the first
diagnostic is activated down of about 1A.
This information can be managed by the micro that can
take the corrective action in order to reduce the power
dissipation. This block is not an effective protection but
just an overtemperature detection. The shift down of the
first flag level cannot be present for temperatures lower
than 125
°C.
As an example of its behavior you can suppose a very
simple motor management system in which the micro
does just a simple arithmetic calculation to decide when to
switch-off the device after the first flag threshold.
EXAMPLE:
IC(DIAG1) info after x ms (IC(DIAG1)=2.5A)
Iswitch-off info after kx ms.
As soon as the temperature rises over the overtemp
threshold, the first diagnostic is shifted down to about
1.5A and, in this example, the switch-off current will be
kx*1.5 / 2.5.
OVERVOLTAGE
The VB027SP can withstand the following transients of
the battery line:
-100V / 2ms (Ri=10Ω)
+100V / 0.2ms (Ri=10Ω)
+50V / 400ms (Ri=4.2 Ω, with VIN=3V)
FIGURE 1: Application circuit


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