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AT89C2051-12SC Datasheet(PDF) 6 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. AT89C2051-12SC
Description  8-bit Microcontroller with 2K Bytes Flash
Download  15 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com

AT89C2051-12SC Datasheet(HTML) 6 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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Programming The Flash
The AT89C2051 is shipped with the 2K bytes of on-chip
PEROM code memory array in the erased state (i.e., con-
tents = FFH) and ready to be programmed. The code
memory array is programmed one byte at a time. Once the
array is programmed, to re-program any non-blank byte,
the entire memory array needs to be erased electrically.
Internal Address Counter: The AT89C2051 contains an
internal PEROM address counter which is always reset to
000H on the rising edge of RST and is advanced by apply-
ing a positive going pulse to pin XTAL1.
Programming Algorithm: To program the AT89C2051,
the following sequence is recommended.
1. Power-up sequence:
Apply power between VCC and GND pins
Set RST and XTAL1 to GND
2. Set pin RST to “H”
Set pin P3.2 to “H”
3. Apply the appropriate combination of “H” or “L” logic
levels to pins P3.3, P3.4, P3.5, P3.7 to select one of the
programming operations shown in the PEROM Pro-
gramming Modes table.
To Program and Verify the Array:
4. Apply data for Code byte at location 000H to P1.0 to
5. Raise RST to 12V to enable programming.
6. Pulse P3.2 once to program a byte in the PEROM array
or the lock bits. The byte-write cycle is self-timed and
typically takes 1.2 ms.
7. To verify the programmed data, lower RST from 12V to
logic “H” level and set pins P3.3 to P3.7 to the appropiate
levels. Output data can be read at the port P1 pins.
8. To program a byte at the next address location, pulse
XTAL1 pin once to advance the internal address
counter. Apply new data to the port P1 pins.
9. Repeat steps 5 through 8, changing data and advancing
the address counter for the entire 2K bytes array or until
the end of the object file is reached.
10.Power-off sequence:
set XTAL1 to “L”
set RST to “L”
Turn V
CC power off
Data Polling: The AT89C2051 features Data Polling to
indicate the end of a write cycle. During a write cycle, an
attempted read of the last byte written will result in the com-
plement of the written data on P1.7. Once the write cycle
has been completed, true data is valid on all outputs, and
the next cycle may begin. Data Polling may begin any time
after a write cycle has been initiated.
Ready/Busy: The Progress of byte programming can also
be monitored by the RDY/BSY output signal. Pin P3.1 is
pulled low after P3.2 goes High during programming to indi-
cate BUSY. P3.1 is pulled High again when programming is
done to indicate READY.
Program Verify: If lock bits LB1 and LB2 have not been
programmed code data can be read back via the data lines
for verification:
1. Reset the internal address counter to 000H by bringing
RST from “L” to “H”.
2. Apply the appropriate control signals for Read Code data
and read the output data at the port P1 pins.
3. Pulse pin XTAL1 once to advance the internal address
4. Read the next code data byte at the port P1 pins.
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 until the entire array is read.
The lock bits cannot be verified directly. Verification of the
lock bits is achieved by observing that their features are
Chip Erase: The entire PEROM array (2K bytes) and the
two Lock Bits are erased electrically by using the proper
combination of control signals and by holding P3.2 low for
10 ms. The code array is written with all “1”s in the Chip
Erase operation and must be executed before any non-
blank memory byte can be re-programmed.
Reading the Signature Bytes: The signature bytes are
read by the same procedure as a normal verification of
locations 000H, 001H, and 002H, except that P3.5 and
P3.7 must be pulled to a logic low. The values returned are
as follows.
(000H) = 1EH indicates manufactured by Atmel
(001H) = 21H indicates 89C2051
Programming Interface
Every code byte in the Flash array can be written and the
entire array can be erased by using the appropriate combi-
nation of control signals. The write operation cycle is self-
timed and once initiated, will automatically time itself to
All major programming vendors offer worldwide support for
the Atmel microcontroller series. Please contact your local
programming vendor for the appropriate software revision.

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