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AT89C2051-12SC Datasheet(PDF) 3 Page - ATMEL Corporation

Part No. AT89C2051-12SC
Description  8-bit Microcontroller with 2K Bytes Flash
Download  15 Pages
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Maker  ATMEL [ATMEL Corporation]
Homepage  http://www.atmel.com

AT89C2051-12SC Datasheet(HTML) 3 Page - ATMEL Corporation

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Pin Description
Supply voltage.
Port 1
Port 1 is an 8-bit bi-irectional I/O port. Port pins P1.2 to
P1.7 provide internal pullups. P1.0 and P1.1 require exter-
nal pullups. P1.0 and P1.1 also serve as the positive input
(AIN0) and the negative input (AIN1), respectively, of the
on-chip precision analog comparator. The Port 1 output
buffers can sink 20 mA and can drive LED displays directly.
When 1s are written to Port 1 pins, they can be used as
inputs. When pins P1.2 to P1.7 are used as inputs and are
externally pulled low, they will source current (I
IL) because
of the internal pullups.
Port 1 also receives code data during Flash programming
and verification.
Port 3
Port 3 pins P3.0 to P3.5, P3.7 are seven bi-irectional I/O
pins with internal pullups. P3.6 is hard-wired as an input to
the output of the on-chip comparator and is not accessible
as a general purpose I/O pin. The Port 3 output buffers can
sink 20 mA. When 1s are written to Port 3 pins they are
pulled high by the internal pullups and can be used as
inputs. As inputs, Port 3 pins that are externally being
pulled low will source current (I
IL) because of the pullups.
Port 3 also serves the functions of various special features
of the AT89C2051 as listed below:
Port 3 also receives some control signals for Flash pro-
gramming and verification.
Reset input. All I/O pins are reset to 1s as soon as RST
goes high. Holding the RST pin high for two machine
cycles while the oscillator is running resets the device.
Each machine cycle takes 12 oscillator or clock cycles.
Input to the inverting oscillator amplifier and input to the
internal clock operating circuit.
Output from the inverting oscillator amplifier.
Oscillator Characteristics
XTAL1 and XTAL2 are the input and output, respectively,
of an inverting amplifier which can be configured for use as
an on-chip oscillator, as shown in Figure 1. Either a quartz
crystal or ceramic resonator may be used. To drive the
device from an external clock source, XTAL2 should be left
unconnected while XTAL1 is driven as shown in Figure 2.
There are no requirements on the duty cycle of the external
clock signal, since the input to the internal clocking circuitry
is through a divide-by-two flip-flop, but minimum and maxi-
mum voltage high and low time specifications must be
Figure 1. Oscillator Connections
C1, C2 = 30 pF
± 10 pF for Crystals
= 40 pF
± 10 pF for Ceramic Resonators
Figure 2. External Clock Drive Configuration
Port Pin
Alternate Functions
RXD (serial input port)
TXD (serial output port)
INT0 (external interrupt 0)
INT1 (external interrupt 1)
T0 (timer 0 external input)
T1 (timer 1 external input)

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